New way to extract light from semiconductors could lead to ultra-high efficiency LEDs
A Straightforward Solution for Increasing Solar Cell Performance
(PhysOrg.com) -- Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers recently demonstrated improved stability and efficiency of a certain type of solar cell by incorporating a commercially available additive into the ...
A step toward lighter batteries: Metal catalysts play important role in improving efficiency
A team of researchers at MIT has made significant progress on a technology that could lead to batteries with up to three times the energy density of any battery that currently exists.
Researchers find a way to make drops on a surface move in just one direction
(PhysOrg.com) -- Controlling the way liquids spread across a surface is important for a wide variety of technologies, including DNA microarrays for medical research, inkjet printers and digital lab-on-a-chip ...
Safer nuclear reactors could result from new research
(PhysOrg.com) -- Self-repairing materials within nuclear reactors may one day become a reality as a result of research by Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists.
Researchers create 'handshaking' particles
Physicists at New York University have created "handshaking" particles that link together based on their shape rather than randomly. Their work, reported in the latest issue of the journal Nature, marks the first time scient ...
New spintronics material could help usher in next generation of microelectronics
(PhysOrg.com) -- As the electronics industry works toward developing smaller and more compact devices, the need to create new types of scaled-down semiconductors that are more efficient and use less power has become essential.
Iron-nitrogen compound forms strongest magnet known
Metallic Glass Yields Secrets Under Pressure
(PhysOrg.com) -- Metallic glasses are emerging as potentially useful materials at the frontier of materials science research. They combine the advantages and avoid many of the problems of normal metals and ...
Polymer remembers four shapes
Antifreeze proteins can stop ice melt, new study finds
The same antifreeze proteins that keep organisms from freezing in cold environments also can prevent ice from melting at warmer temperatures, according to a new Ohio University and Queen's University study ...
Freezing point of supercooled water varies with electric charge
By tracking water molecules, physicists hope to unlock secrets of life
(PhysOrg.com) -- Compared to any other liquid on Earth, water behaves in strange and unexpected ways, yet its unusual properties enable and protect life as we know it. By tracking individual water molecules in a "supercooled" ...
Using magnetic toys as inspiration, researchers tease out structures of self-assembled clusters
Scientists have long studied how atoms and molecules structure themselves into intricate clusters. Unlocking the design secrets of Nature offers lessons in engineering artificial systems that could self-assemble ...