The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a public research university located in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university is deeply embedded in the fabric of the city, with many of the buildings in the historic Old Town belonging to the university. Edinburgh receives approximately 47,000 applications every year, making it the third most popular university in the UK by volume of applicants. Entrance is intensely competitive, with 12 applications per place in the last admissions cycle. It was the fourth university to be established in Scotland and the 6th in the United Kingdom, and is regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. The university is ranked the top rated in Scotland and the 6th and 7th in Europe according to the 2011 QS and Times Higher Education Ranking Globally, the 2011 QS rankings placed the university 20th in the world. It is the only Scottish university to be a member of both the elite Russell Group, and the League of European Research Universities, a consortium of 21 of Europe's most prominent and renowned research universities.
Insights into plant growth could curb need for fertilizers
New insights into how plants regulate their absorption of an essential nutrient could help avoid pollution caused by excess use of fertiliser.
Bacteria are hard-wired for survival, E. coli study suggests
Some bacteria are able to thrive even when under continued attack, scientists have found, in a development that may help explain how our immune systems can't always prevent infections.
Prehistoric crocodiles' evolution mirrored in living species
Crocodiles which roamed the world's seas millions of years ago developed in similar ways to their modern-day relatives, a study has shown.
Fall in monsoon rains driven by rise in air pollution, study shows
Emissions produced by human activity have caused annual monsoon rainfall to decline over the past 50 years, a study suggests.
Dinosaur family tree gives fresh insight into rapid rise of birds
The most comprehensive family tree of meat-eating dinosaurs ever created is enabling scientists to discover key details of how birds evolved from them.
Plant insights could help develop crops for changing climates
Crops that thrive in changing climates could be developed more easily, thanks to fresh insights into plant growth.
Social networking is key to helping bugs spread, study shows
Fresh discoveries about how bacteria co-operate with each other when causing infection could help scientists identify animal diseases that might transmit to people.
Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows
Dinosaurs might have survived the asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had taken place slightly earlier or later in history, scientists say.
Meerkats' sinister side is secret to their success, study shows
The darker side of meerkats – which sees them prevent their daughters from breeding, and kill their grandchildren – is explained in a new study.
Animals built reefs 550 million years ago, fossil study finds
It is a remarkable survivor of an ancient aquatic world – now a new study sheds light on how one of Earth's oldest reefs was formed.
Warming climates intensify greenhouse gas given out by oceans
Rising global temperatures could increase the amount of carbon dioxide naturally released by the world's oceans, fuelling further climate change, a study suggests.
Saving trees in tropics could cut emissions by one-fifth, study shows
Reducing deforestation in the tropics would significantly cut the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere – by as much as one-fifth – research shows.
Huge tooth fossil shows marine predator had plenty to chew on
A fossilised tooth belonging to a fearsome marine predator has been recorded as the largest of its kind found in the UK, following its recent discovery.
Solar energy prospects are bright for Scotland, experts say
Installing state-of-the-art solar panels on a quarter of a million roofs could meet one-sixth of Scotland's electricity demands, experts say.
Newly found dinosaur is long-nosed cousin of Tyrannosaurus rex
Scientists have discovered a new species of long-snouted tyrannosaur, nicknamed Pinocchio rex, which stalked the Earth more than 66 million years ago.