The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a public research university located in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university is deeply embedded in the fabric of the city, with many of the buildings in the historic Old Town belonging to the university. Edinburgh receives approximately 47,000 applications every year, making it the third most popular university in the UK by volume of applicants. Entrance is intensely competitive, with 12 applications per place in the last admissions cycle. It was the fourth university to be established in Scotland and the 6th in the United Kingdom, and is regarded as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. The university is ranked the top rated in Scotland and the 6th and 7th in Europe according to the 2011 QS and Times Higher Education Ranking Globally, the 2011 QS rankings placed the university 20th in the world. It is the only Scottish university to be a member of both the elite Russell Group, and the League of European Research Universities, a consortium of 21 of Europe's most prominent and renowned research universities.
Amazon rainforest losses impact on climate change, study shows
Human activity has removed more than one-tenth of trees and plants from the Amazon rainforest since the 1960s, a study shows.
Bacterial raincoat discovery paves way to better crop protection
Fresh insights into how bacteria protect themselves - by forming a waterproof raincoat - could help develop improved products to protect plants from disease.
Greatest mass extinction driven by acidic oceans, study finds
Changes to the Earth's oceans, caused by extreme volcanic activity, triggered the greatest extinction of all time, a study suggests.
DNA can't explain all inherited biological traits, research shows
Characteristics passed between generations are not decided solely by DNA, but can be brought about by other material in cells, new research shows.
Prehistoric super salamander was top predator, fossils suggest
A previously undiscovered species of crocodile-like amphibian that lived during the rise of dinosaurs was among Earth's top predators more than 200 million years ago, a study shows.
Dog DNA tests alone not enough for healthy pedigree, experts say
Breeding dogs on the basis of a single genetic test carries risks and may not improve the health of pedigree lines, experts warn.
Family log of spring's arrival helps predict climate-driven change
Rare historic records of the changing seasons are helping scientists better understand how woodland trees and flowers are responding to climate change.
Molecular mouse-trap technique sheds light on key cell processes
Scientists have shed new light on the fundamental biological process of cell division, thanks to an emerging analytical method.
Floods created home of Europe's biggest waterfall, study shows
A massive canyon that is home to Europe's most powerful waterfall was created in a matter of days by extreme flooding, new research reveals.
Turning up heat on plants could help grow crops of the future
Crops that can thrive in warming climates are a step closer, thanks to new insights into how temperature and light affect plant development.
Tracking DNA helps scientists trace origins of genetic errors
Scientists have shed light on how naturally occurring mutations can be introduced into our DNA.
Genetic safety switches could help curb potential bioterror risks
The potential threat of bioterrorism using man-made biological organisms could be reduced, thanks to a new method developed by scientists.
Burying beetles hatch survival plan to source food, study shows
Young beetles pick up sensory signals from adult insects to increase their chances of being fed - and shorten the odds of being killed instead.
New Jurassic species of marine reptile identified from fossils in Scotland
A new species of marine reptile from the Jurassic era has been identified from fossils found on the Isle of Skye.
Insights into plant growth could curb need for fertilizers
New insights into how plants regulate their absorption of an essential nutrient could help avoid pollution caused by excess use of fertiliser.