Stanford University is the common name for Leland Stanford Junior University. Stanford was founded in 1885 in the Palo Alto area of California. Standford University enrolls about 14,000 graduate and undergraduate students each year to its private university. The current Stanford faculty includes 18 Nobel Prize Laureates, 135 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 82 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 21 recipients of the National Medal of Science. Stanford University has a school of medicine, law school, engineering school and a much heralded technology school. Stanford is geographically close to the Silicon Valley. Stanford alumni started Hewlett-Packard, Google, NVIDIA, Yahoo and Sun Microsystems.
Cichlid fish genome helps tell story of adaptive evolution
(Phys.org) —Roughly 40 million years ago, a handful of species of fish from the Nile River went into three lakes in Africa and experienced an unusual flurry of evolution. In one of these lakes as many as 500 new species ...
Microbial battery: Team uses 'wired microbes' to generate electricity from sewage
Engineers at Stanford University have devised a new way to generate electricity from sewage using naturally-occurring "wired microbes" as mini power plants, producing electricity as they digest plant and animal waste.
'Virtual earthquakes' used to forecast Los Angeles quake risk
Stanford scientists are using weak vibrations generated by the Earth's oceans to produce "virtual earthquakes" that can be used to predict the ground movement and shaking hazard to buildings from real quakes.
Diversified farming practices might preserve evolutionary diversity of wildlife
As humans transform the planet to meet our needs, all sorts of wildlife continue to be pushed aside, including many species that play key roles in Earth's life-support systems. In particular, the transformation of forests ...
Bioengineers develop a toolkit for designing more successful synthetic molecules
(Phys.org) —Ever since Robert Hooke first described cells in 1665, scientists have been trying to figure out what is going on inside. One of the most exciting modern techniques involves injecting cells with synthetic genetic ...
Researchers create a low-cost, long-lasting water splitter made of silicon and nickel
Stanford University scientists have created a silicon-based water splitter that is both low-cost and corrosion-free. The novel device – a silicon semiconductor coated in an ultrathin layer of nickel – could help pave ...
Archaeologist leads the first detailed study of human remains at the ancient Egyptian site of Deir el-Medina
Ancient Egyptian workers in a village that's now called Deir el-Medina were beneficiaries of what Stanford Egyptologist Anne Austin calls "the earliest documented governmental health care plan."
Study shows ways to improve public health at beaches
A new Stanford study shows how to improve the public health at beaches where coastal contamination can be a problem.
Scientists use DNA to assemble a transistor from graphene
(Phys.org) —Graphene is a sheet of carbon atoms arrayed in a honeycomb pattern, just a single atom thick. It could be a better semiconductor than silicon – if we could fashion it into ribbons 20 to 50 atoms wide. Could ...
Engineers show how to optimize carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots
When engineers design devices, they must often join together two materials that expand and contract at different rates as temperatures change. Such thermal differences can cause problems if, for instance, a semiconductor ...