Santa Fe Institute

Robust systems persist in response to mutations

At first glance, robustness and evolvability—two keys to the continued existence of life—look incompatible. Living things need robust genes; otherwise, any mutation could spell death. At the same time, a species needs ...

Feb 21, 2014
5 / 5 (2) 0

Can scientists know that they do not know?

Imagine you knew everything about the current universe – the state of every single particle – and all the laws governing the universe's evolution. Endowed with such knowledge, you could then predict the future, right? ...

Feb 17, 2014
3.6 / 5 (11) 12

Crowd wisdom economics: The bad news

(Phys.org) —Volkswagen is simply a better car company than Fiat. Profits are higher, and so are wages. Why doesn't Fiat just be like VW? Why doesn't Italy, for that matter, emulate Germany? Is it elites that perpetuate ...

May 29, 2013
5 / 5 (3) 0