RIKEN

Emerging from the vortex

Whether a car or a ball, the forces acting on a body moving in a straight line are very different to those acting on one moving in tight curves. This maxim also holds true at microscopic scales. As such, a ...

Feb 17, 2012
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Putting artificial atoms on the clock

Around the turn of the century, scientists began to understand that atoms have discrete energy levels. Within the field of quantum physics, this sparked the development of quantum optics in which light is ...

Nov 07, 2011
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Making liquid crystals stand tall

Most liquid-crystalline displays contain rod-like molecules that quickly switch from one orientation to another when subjected to electric fields. This movement creates a shutter effect that turns light on ...

Nov 21, 2011
5 / 5 (1) 1

Applying pressure reaps material rewards

Researchers in Japan have succeeded in growing single crystals of yttrium manganite (YMnO3) using a high-pressure material-growth technique1. Developed by Shintaro Ishiwata and his colleagues from the RIKEN ...

Dec 22, 2011
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Building a beetle antifreeze

Animals and plants have evolved all sorts of chemical tricks that allow them to colonize extreme environments. For species that call Antarctica or the Arctic home, surviving sub-zero temperatures is an essential ...

Mar 02, 2012
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Revealing a pollutant's Achilles' heal

Nitric oxide (NO) is a versatile free radical that plays central roles in the environment as well as living organisms. At low concentration in the human body, for example, NO protects organs against pathogens ...

Jun 08, 2012
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Algal proteins light the way

Channelrhodopsins (ChRs) are remarkable proteins that respond to specific wavelengths of light by allowing ions to cross the cell membrane, a mechanism that makes them useful for manipulating ion-driven processes ...

Jun 08, 2012
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Making sense of molecular fragments

(Phys.org) -- Data from high-throughput next generation sequencers (NGS) and genome tiling arrays have greatly enhanced scientists’ ability to recreate RNA molecular structures, which is vital to disease ...

Jun 29, 2012
5 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast