RIKEN

Revealing how a potato disease takes hold

Late blight is an economically devastating disease for potato farmers worldwide, causing tens of billions of dollars worth of damage each year. Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight, has ...

Dec 22, 2011 not rated yet 1

Deciphering the mechanism of an ion pump

From an analysis of the sodium-transporting vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) of the bacterium Enterococcus hirae, Takeshi Murata of the RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, Yokohama, and colleagues recently ...

Dec 16, 2011 not rated yet 0

Crystallizing the switch to hydrogen

Hydrogen gas is an almost infinitely inexhaustible fuel source that emits only clean water during combustion. Switching from hydrocarbon-based transportation to systems powered by state-of-the-art fuel cells ...

Dec 02, 2011 4.9 / 5 (7) 12 | with audio podcast

Sharpening the focus of microscopes

A new advanced imaging scheme—with a resolution ten times better than that of its counterparts to date—can resolve objects as small as atoms1. Previously, the maximum resolution of optical instruments, ...

Dec 02, 2011 4.7 / 5 (19) 2 | with audio podcast

Making liquid crystals stand tall

Most liquid-crystalline displays contain rod-like molecules that quickly switch from one orientation to another when subjected to electric fields. This movement creates a shutter effect that turns light on ...

Nov 21, 2011 5 / 5 (1) 1

Putting artificial atoms on the clock

Around the turn of the century, scientists began to understand that atoms have discrete energy levels. Within the field of quantum physics, this sparked the development of quantum optics in which light is ...

Nov 07, 2011 5 / 5 (1) 0