RIKEN

Longer-lasting chemical catalysts

Metal-based chemical catalysts have excellent green chemistry credentials—in principle at least. In theory, catalysts are reusable because they drive chemical reactions without being consumed. In reality, ...

Jan 13, 2012
5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Untangling a protein's influences

Most proteins have multiple moving parts that rearrange into different conformations to execute particular functions. Such changes may be induced by molecules in the immediate environment, including water ...

Jan 06, 2012
5 / 5 (3) 0

Revealing how a potato disease takes hold

Late blight is an economically devastating disease for potato farmers worldwide, causing tens of billions of dollars worth of damage each year. Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight, has ...

Dec 22, 2011
not rated yet 1

Applying pressure reaps material rewards

Researchers in Japan have succeeded in growing single crystals of yttrium manganite (YMnO3) using a high-pressure material-growth technique1. Developed by Shintaro Ishiwata and his colleagues from the RIKEN ...

Dec 22, 2011
5 / 5 (1) 0

Deciphering the mechanism of an ion pump

From an analysis of the sodium-transporting vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) of the bacterium Enterococcus hirae, Takeshi Murata of the RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, Yokohama, and colleagues recently ...

Dec 16, 2011
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Crystallizing the switch to hydrogen

Hydrogen gas is an almost infinitely inexhaustible fuel source that emits only clean water during combustion. Switching from hydrocarbon-based transportation to systems powered by state-of-the-art fuel cells ...

Dec 02, 2011
4.9 / 5 (7) 12 | with audio podcast

Sharpening the focus of microscopes

A new advanced imaging scheme—with a resolution ten times better than that of its counterparts to date—can resolve objects as small as atoms1. Previously, the maximum resolution of optical instruments, ...

Dec 02, 2011
4.7 / 5 (19) 2 | with audio podcast

Making liquid crystals stand tall

Most liquid-crystalline displays contain rod-like molecules that quickly switch from one orientation to another when subjected to electric fields. This movement creates a shutter effect that turns light on ...

Nov 21, 2011
5 / 5 (1) 1