The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a U.S. Government Agency established in 1950 for the purpose of funding research and education in all non-medical fields of science and engineering. NSF is responsible for approximately 20-percent of all basic research in all colleges and universities in the USA. NSF's annual budget for 2008 exceeded $6 billion dollars. The NSF Director, Deputy Director and the 24-member National Science Board are appointed by the President of the USA. NSF receives about 40,000 proposals for funding each year and awards around 10,000 grants. NSF national facilities include national observatories, Antarctic Research Center, high-end computer centers, oceanographic research centers and offers Graduate Research Fellowships. The main headquarters in Arlington, Virginia has over 1700 employees, which includes 150 full time scientists. NSF is pursuing advanced work in Nanotechnology, the Ecology of Infectious Diseases in their Crosscutting program initiated recently.
The 'intraterrestrials': New viruses discovered in ocean depths
The intraterrestrials, they might be called. Strange creatures live in the deep sea, but few are odder than the viruses that inhabit deep ocean methane seeps and prey on single-celled microorganisms called archaea.
Video: Understanding the ecological role of wolves in Yellowstone National Park
Long loathed as a threat and nuisance, the wolf population in Yellowstone National Park was essentially wiped out by the mid 1920s. That changed in 1995, when the National Park Service reintroduced wolves there, with the ...
Bacterial protein called UmuD may prevent antibiotic resistance
The widespread and indiscriminate use of antibiotics has prompted many bacteria to mutate, an adaptation that often renders the drugs useless. The increasing threat of resistance worries infectious disease experts who fear ...
Engineer and vision scientist nets Emmy for tool to predict perceived video quality
Sometimes it's not so much what you see as what you don't see that matters.
New initiative targets emerging models of technological innovation
Technological innovation—as essential as ever for economic growth—now occurs in a rapidly changing global and local context.
NSF, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency support development of new Arctic maps
The National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), is supporting development of high-resolution topographic maps of the Arctic that for the first time will provide ...
Earthquakes expose limits of scientific predictions
In 2012, six Italian seismologists were sent to prison because they failed to predict the 2009 L'Aquila 6.3 magnitude earthquake.
Increasing ecological understanding with virtual worlds and augmented reality
Immersive interfaces like virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality are becoming ever more powerful, eliciting investment from the likes of Google, Samsung and Microsoft. As these technologies become commercially available, ...
Forward-thinking report addresses environmental research, education
The nation is at an environmental crossroads, states a report released today by the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education (AC-ERE): "America's Future: Environmental ...
Video: Research team discovers plant fossils previously unknown to Antarctica
Erik Gulbranson, a visiting professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, trudges up a steep ridge overlooking his field camp of mountain tents and pyramid-shaped Scott tents in Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys. A brief ...