The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a U.S. Government Agency established in 1950 for the purpose of funding research and education in all non-medical fields of science and engineering. NSF is responsible for approximately 20-percent of all basic research in all colleges and universities in the USA. NSF's annual budget for 2008 exceeded $6 billion dollars. The NSF Director, Deputy Director and the 24-member National Science Board are appointed by the President of the USA. NSF receives about 40,000 proposals for funding each year and awards around 10,000 grants. NSF national facilities include national observatories, Antarctic Research Center, high-end computer centers, oceanographic research centers and offers Graduate Research Fellowships. The main headquarters in Arlington, Virginia has over 1700 employees, which includes 150 full time scientists. NSF is pursuing advanced work in Nanotechnology, the Ecology of Infectious Diseases in their Crosscutting program initiated recently.
Quenching the world's water and energy crises, one tiny droplet at a time
In the Namib Desert of Africa, the fog-filled morning wind carries the drinking water for a beetle called the Stenocara.
Expected stay rates of US and foreign doctoral graduates diverge with time
A new National Science Foundation (NSF) report reveals the number of U.S. citizen doctoral graduates in science, engineering and health fields, who remain in the United States, tracks closely with their intent to stay in ...
Clay minerals are a possible new answer to MRSA and other 'superbug' infections
Superbugs, they're called: Pathogens, or disease-causing microorganisms, resistant to multiple antibiotics. Such antibiotic resistance is now a major public health concern.
Supercomputer and visualization resources lend insight into plasma dynamic
Studying the intricacies and mysteries of the sun is physicist Wendell Horton life's work. A widely known authority on plasma physics, his study of the high temperature gases on the sun, or plasma, consistently leads him ...
Soil-free farming prepares next generation for Green Energy future
When Boston College Professor Mike Barnett first got students involved in hydroponics, he couldn't get them to go home.
Device captures energy from walking to recharge wireless gadgets
By the end of 2014, Earth will be home to more mobile electronic devices than people. Smartphones, tablets, e-readers, not to mention wearable health and fitness trackers, smart glasses and navigation devices—today's population ...
New technology uses natural wood fibers to reinforce plastic materials
Joshua Otaigbe's research blends chemical engineering with materials structure and properties, most recently in trying to develop new and stronger composites that are sustainable and environmentally friendly.
'Blockbuster' science images
At this point, the blockbuster movie Interstellar has created such a stir that one would almost have to be inside a black hole not to know about it. And while the science fiction thriller may have taken some liberties with ...
Red dwarf stars tell us how planets form
The vast majority of the stars in our galaxy are known as "red dwarfs," small, cool bodies visible only through a telescope.
Energy-efficient technologies developed with people in mind
When engineers design environmentally-friendly cars, such as all-electric or hybrid vehicles, they often focus primarily on their technological features. Ricardo Daziano believes they also should consider the "human" element.