DOE/Joint Genome Institute (JGI) is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. It is located in Walnut Creek, California. Its purpose it to unite the expertise of Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore labs, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest and the Hudson/Alpha Institute for biotechnology for the expressed purpose of advancing genomics in support of DOE's mission related to clean energy, environmental characterization and clean up of environmentally harmful sites. The University of California manages JGI for DOE. JGI news releases and research studies are available to the media and the public. Links to major publications with abstracts are available on the JGI Web site.
A glimpse into nature's looking glass—to find the genetic code is reassigned
In the Lewis Carroll classic, Through the Looking Glass, Humpty Dumpty states, "When I use a word, it means just what I choose it to mean—neither more nor less." In turn, Alice (of Wonderland fame) says, "The question is, ...
Analysis tracks origins of algal light sensors to a shared ancestor one billion years ago
Researchers determined the origin of a group of protein-based light sensors in land plants and a series of related phytoplankton by sequencing and comparing RNA in these genomes.
Automating the selection process for a genome assembler
A repository of genome assemblers is being developed to automate the process of selecting the best assembler for the task at hand.
Mapping water management traits related to panic grass variants
Researchers statistically mapped regions of the panic grass genome linked to morphological traits such as thriving under scarce (xeric) or moderate (mesic) water availability. The information lends insights into how ecotypes ...
A tale of two data sets: New DNA analysis strategy helps researchers cut through the dirt
For soil microbiology, it is the best of times. While no one has undertaken an accurate census, a spoonful of soil holds hundreds of billions of microbial cells, encompassing thousands of species. "It's one of the most diverse ...
Sponges that sponge off bacteria
Medical compounds harvested from a marine sponge are actually produced by symbiotic bacteria living in the sponges.
Unannotated genes identified through sequencing multiple lines of brachypodium distachyon
Researchers used deep sequencing to look at whole-genome sequence variation in seven lines of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon and found previously unannotated genes. They also looked at genome-wide gene expression ...
Single-cell genomics sheds light on nutrient and carbon cycling in Actinobacteria
Researchers assembled and compared draft genomes of acI Actinobacteria from single cells collected in four freshwater lakes in the United States and Europe.
Simplest cotton genome offers clues for fiber improvements
An international consortium of researchers published a high-quality draft assembly of the simplest cotton genome in the Dec. 20, 2012 issue of Nature. In the study, researchers traced the evolution of cotton and fiber development ...
Inner workings of cyanobacteria caught on video
Cyanobacteria, found in just about every ecosystem on Earth, are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and "fix" carbon – from carbon dioxide molecules – and convert it into fuel ...