DOE/Joint Genome Institute (JGI) is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. It is located in Walnut Creek, California. Its purpose it to unite the expertise of Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore labs, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest and the Hudson/Alpha Institute for biotechnology for the expressed purpose of advancing genomics in support of DOE's mission related to clean energy, environmental characterization and clean up of environmentally harmful sites. The University of California manages JGI for DOE. JGI news releases and research studies are available to the media and the public. Links to major publications with abstracts are available on the JGI Web site.
Discovering the undiscovered—advancing new tools to fill in the microbial tree of life
To paraphrase a famous passage from Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner: microbes, microbes everywhere, though most we do not know. This is changing, though.
Complete genomes from single cells still elusive
DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers review the status of single-cell genomics, and how close scientists are to being able to reconstruct an individual cell's genome.
Pond-dwelling powerhouse's genome points to its biofuel potential
Duckweed is a tiny floating plant that's been known to drive people daffy. It's one of the smallest and fastest-growing flowering plants that often becomes a hard-to-control weed in ponds and small lakes. But it's also been ...
Elucidating extremophilic 'microbial dark matter'
Genomes from novel lineages of bacteria and archaea in extreme environments have become accessible through techniques such as metagenomics and single-cell genomics.
Decoding virus-host interactions in the oxygen-starved ocean
For multicellular life—plants and animals—to thrive in the oceans, there must be enough dissolved oxygen in the water. In certain coastal areas, extreme oxygen-starvation produces "dead zones" that decimate marine fisheries ...
Signatures of selection inscribed on poplar genomes
One aspect of the climate change models researchers have been developing looks at how plant ranges might shift, and how factors such as temperature, water availability, and light levels might come into play. Forests creeping ...
How yeast formations got started
Researchers conducted a comparative analysis of nearly 60 fungal genomes to determine the genetic traits that enabled the convergent evolution of yeasts.
How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on this soil-dwelling ...
How a white rot tackles freshly-cut food
Researchers sequenced and analyzed the white rot fungus Phlebiopsis gigantea, which can break down fresh-cut conifer sapwood. They also sequenced and analyzed the set of P. gigantea's secreted proteins (secretome) and the ...
Boldly illuminating biology's 'dark matter'
Is space really the final frontier, or are the greatest mysteries closer to home? In cosmology, dark matter is said to account for the majority of mass in the universe, however its presence is inferred by indirect effects ...