Carnegie Institution for Science

How salt stops plant growth

Until now it has not been clear how salt, a scourge to agriculture, halts the growth of the plant-root system. A team of researchers, led by the Carnegie Institution's José Dinneny and Lina Duan, found that ...

Jan 23, 2013 5 / 5 (9) 2 | with audio podcast

Studying ancient Earth's geochemistry

Researchers still have much to learn about the volcanism that shaped our planet's early history. New evidence from a team led by Carnegie's Frances Jenner demonstrates that some of the tectonic processes driving volcanic ...

Jan 18, 2013 4.8 / 5 (5) 1 | with audio podcast

Plant organ development breakthrough

Plants grow upward from a tip of undifferentiated tissue called the shoot apical meristem. As the tip extends, stem cells at the center of the meristem divide and increase in numbers. But the cells on the periphery differentiate ...

Dec 03, 2012 not rated yet 0 | with audio podcast

Crystals for efficient refrigeration

(Phys.org)—Researchers at the Carnegie Institution have discovered a new efficient way to pump heat using crystals. The crystals can pump or extract heat, even on the nanoscale, so they could be used on ...

Nov 05, 2012 3.6 / 5 (10) 0 | with audio podcast

Solving stem cell mysteries

The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into different types of cells with different functions is regulated and maintained by a complex series of chemical interactions, which are not well understood. Learning ...

Oct 26, 2012 5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Elusive metal discovered

Carnegie scientists are the first to discover the conditions under which nickel oxide can turn into an electricity-conducting metal. Nickel oxide is one of the first compounds to be studied for its electronic ...

Aug 22, 2012 4.7 / 5 (7) 2 | with audio podcast

Supernova progenitor found?

(Phys.org) -- Type Ia supernovae are violent stellar explosions. Observations of their brightness are used to determine distances in the universe and have shown scientists that the universe is expanding at ...

Aug 03, 2012 4.9 / 5 (9) 4 | with audio podcast

Mercury mineral evolution

Mineral evolution posits that Earth's near-surface mineral diversity gradually increased through an array of chemical and biological processes. A dozen different species in interstellar dust particles that formed the solar ...

Jun 25, 2012 4.8 / 5 (5) 3 | with audio podcast

Geoengineering: A whiter sky

One idea for fighting global warming is to increase the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere, scattering incoming solar energy away from the Earth's surface. But scientists theorize that this solar geoengineering could have ...

May 31, 2012 4.4 / 5 (5) 16 | with audio podcast