Carnegie Institution for Science

Modeling Jupiter and Saturn's possible origins

New theoretical modeling by Carnegie's Alan Boss provides clues to how the gas giant planets in our solar system—Jupiter and Saturn—might have formed and evolved. His work was published recently by the ...

Mar 05, 2013
4 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry

Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history. It's the study of the increasing diversity and characteristics of Earth's near-surface minerals, from the dozen that arrived on interstellar dust particles when ...

Feb 28, 2013
5 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast

Tree die-off triggered by hotter temperatures

A team of scientists, led by researchers at Carnegie's Department of Global Ecology, has determined that the recent widespread die-off of Colorado trembling aspen trees is a direct result of decreased precipitation exacerbated ...

Feb 11, 2013
5 / 5 (5) 8 | with audio podcast

How salt stops plant growth

Until now it has not been clear how salt, a scourge to agriculture, halts the growth of the plant-root system. A team of researchers, led by the Carnegie Institution's José Dinneny and Lina Duan, found that ...

Jan 23, 2013
5 / 5 (9) 2 | with audio podcast

Studying ancient Earth's geochemistry

Researchers still have much to learn about the volcanism that shaped our planet's early history. New evidence from a team led by Carnegie's Frances Jenner demonstrates that some of the tectonic processes driving volcanic ...

Jan 18, 2013
4.8 / 5 (5) 1 | with audio podcast

Plant organ development breakthrough

Plants grow upward from a tip of undifferentiated tissue called the shoot apical meristem. As the tip extends, stem cells at the center of the meristem divide and increase in numbers. But the cells on the periphery differentiate ...

Dec 03, 2012
not rated yet 0 | with audio podcast

Crystals for efficient refrigeration

(Phys.org)—Researchers at the Carnegie Institution have discovered a new efficient way to pump heat using crystals. The crystals can pump or extract heat, even on the nanoscale, so they could be used on ...

Nov 05, 2012
3.6 / 5 (10) 0 | with audio podcast

Solving stem cell mysteries

The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into different types of cells with different functions is regulated and maintained by a complex series of chemical interactions, which are not well understood. Learning ...

Oct 26, 2012
5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Forest mortality and climate change: The big picture

Over the past two decades, extensive forest death triggered by hot and dry climatic conditions has been documented on every continent except Antarctica. Forest mortality due to drought and heat stress is expected to increase ...

Sep 09, 2012
4.1 / 5 (10) 0 | with audio podcast

Elusive metal discovered

Carnegie scientists are the first to discover the conditions under which nickel oxide can turn into an electricity-conducting metal. Nickel oxide is one of the first compounds to be studied for its electronic ...

Aug 22, 2012
4.7 / 5 (7) 2 | with audio podcast

Supernova progenitor found?

(Phys.org) -- Type Ia supernovae are violent stellar explosions. Observations of their brightness are used to determine distances in the universe and have shown scientists that the universe is expanding at ...

Aug 03, 2012
4.9 / 5 (9) 4 | with audio podcast