Carnegie Institution for Science

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials. Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of ...

Nov 25, 2013
4.8 / 5 (17) 7 | with audio podcast

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry

Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history. It's the study of the increasing diversity and characteristics of Earth's near-surface minerals, from the dozen that arrived on interstellar dust particles when ...

Feb 28, 2013
5 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast

How salt stops plant growth

Until now it has not been clear how salt, a scourge to agriculture, halts the growth of the plant-root system. A team of researchers, led by the Carnegie Institution's José Dinneny and Lina Duan, found that ...

Jan 23, 2013
5 / 5 (9) 2 | with audio podcast

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off, deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required, says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira. They find that all existing coral ...

Jun 28, 2013
4.2 / 5 (15) 17 | with audio podcast

Supernova progenitor found?

(Phys.org) -- Type Ia supernovae are violent stellar explosions. Observations of their brightness are used to determine distances in the universe and have shown scientists that the universe is expanding at ...

Aug 03, 2012
4.9 / 5 (9) 4 | with audio podcast

Solving stem cell mysteries

The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into different types of cells with different functions is regulated and maintained by a complex series of chemical interactions, which are not well understood. Learning ...

Oct 26, 2012
5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Geoengineering: A whiter sky

One idea for fighting global warming is to increase the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere, scattering incoming solar energy away from the Earth's surface. But scientists theorize that this solar geoengineering could have ...

May 31, 2012
4.4 / 5 (5) 16 | with audio podcast

Two Solar System puzzles solved

Comets and asteroids preserve the building blocks of our Solar System and should help explain its origin. But there are unsolved puzzles. For example, how did icy comets obtain particles that formed at high ...

Jul 25, 2012
4.7 / 5 (7) 14 | with audio podcast

Breakthrough: Sensors monitor cells at work

Transport proteins are responsible for moving materials such as nutrients and metabolic products through a cell's outer membrane, which seals and protects all living cells, to the cell's interior. These transported molecules ...

Jul 02, 2013
5 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast