Carnegie Institution for Science

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off, deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required, says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira. They find that all existing coral ...

Jun 28, 2013 4.2 / 5 (15) 17 | with audio podcast

Supernova progenitor found?

(Phys.org) -- Type Ia supernovae are violent stellar explosions. Observations of their brightness are used to determine distances in the universe and have shown scientists that the universe is expanding at ...

Aug 03, 2012 4.9 / 5 (9) 4 | with audio podcast

Solving stem cell mysteries

The ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into different types of cells with different functions is regulated and maintained by a complex series of chemical interactions, which are not well understood. Learning ...

Oct 26, 2012 5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Geoengineering: A whiter sky

One idea for fighting global warming is to increase the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere, scattering incoming solar energy away from the Earth's surface. But scientists theorize that this solar geoengineering could have ...

May 31, 2012 4.4 / 5 (5) 16 | with audio podcast

Mercury mineral evolution

Mineral evolution posits that Earth's near-surface mineral diversity gradually increased through an array of chemical and biological processes. A dozen different species in interstellar dust particles that formed the solar ...

Jun 25, 2012 4.8 / 5 (5) 3 | with audio podcast

Plant organ development breakthrough

Plants grow upward from a tip of undifferentiated tissue called the shoot apical meristem. As the tip extends, stem cells at the center of the meristem divide and increase in numbers. But the cells on the periphery differentiate ...

Dec 03, 2012 not rated yet 0 | with audio podcast