Carnegie Institution for Science

Crystals for efficient refrigeration

(Phys.org)—Researchers at the Carnegie Institution have discovered a new efficient way to pump heat using crystals. The crystals can pump or extract heat, even on the nanoscale, so they could be used on ...

Nov 05, 2012 3.6 / 5 (10) 0 | with audio podcast

Stem cell clues uncovered

Proper tissue function and regeneration is supported by stem cells, which reside in so-called niches. New work from Carnegie's Yixian Zheng and Haiyang Chen identifies an important component for regulating stem cell niches, ...

Jul 12, 2013 4.8 / 5 (5) 0 | with audio podcast

Surprising predictor of ecosystem chemistry

Carnegie scientists have found that the plant species making up an ecosystem are better predictors of ecosystem chemistry than environmental conditions such as terrain, geology, or altitude. This is the first ...

Apr 08, 2013 4 / 5 (4) 0 | with audio podcast

Old star, new trick

The Big Bang produced lots of hydrogen and helium and a smidgen of lithium. All heavier elements found on the periodic table have been produced by stars over the last 13.7 billion years. Astronomers analyze starlight to determine ...

Apr 30, 2012 5 / 5 (10) 30 | with audio podcast

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen is deceptively simple. It has only a single electron per atom, but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe. As such, it is naturally exposed to the entire range of pressures ...

Jul 29, 2013 5 / 5 (8) 1 | with audio podcast

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials. Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of ...

Nov 25, 2013 4.8 / 5 (17) 7 | with audio podcast

How salt stops plant growth

Until now it has not been clear how salt, a scourge to agriculture, halts the growth of the plant-root system. A team of researchers, led by the Carnegie Institution's José Dinneny and Lina Duan, found that ...

Jan 23, 2013 5 / 5 (9) 2 | with audio podcast

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off, deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required, says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira. They find that all existing coral ...

Jun 28, 2013 4.2 / 5 (15) 17 | with audio podcast