Carnegie Institution for Science

Deep Earth heat surprise

The key to understanding Earth's evolution is to look at how heat is conducted in the deep lower mantle—a region some 400 to 1,800 miles (660 to 2,900 kilometers) below the surface. Researchers at the Carnegie ...

Aug 09, 2013
4.3 / 5 (11) 0 | with audio podcast

How does hydrogen metallize?

Hydrogen is deceptively simple. It has only a single electron per atom, but it powers the sun and forms the majority of the observed universe. As such, it is naturally exposed to the entire range of pressures ...

Jul 29, 2013
5 / 5 (8) 1 | with audio podcast

Solar system's youth gives clues to planet search

Comets and meteorites contain clues to our solar system's earliest days. But some of the findings are puzzle pieces that don't seem to fit well together. A new set of theoretical models from Carnegie's Alan Boss shows how ...

Jul 24, 2013
5 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast

Stem cell clues uncovered

Proper tissue function and regeneration is supported by stem cells, which reside in so-called niches. New work from Carnegie's Yixian Zheng and Haiyang Chen identifies an important component for regulating stem cell niches, ...

Jul 12, 2013
4.8 / 5 (5) 0 | with audio podcast

Breakthrough: Sensors monitor cells at work

Transport proteins are responsible for moving materials such as nutrients and metabolic products through a cell's outer membrane, which seals and protects all living cells, to the cell's interior. These transported molecules ...

Jul 02, 2013
5 / 5 (1) 0 | with audio podcast

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off, deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required, says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira. They find that all existing coral ...

Jun 28, 2013
4.2 / 5 (15) 17 | with audio podcast

Have you had your cereal today?

Cereals are grasses that produce grains, the bulk of our food supply. Carnegie's Plant Biology Department is releasing genome-wide metabolic complements of several cereals including rice, barley, sorghum, and millet. Along ...

Jun 20, 2013
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Unfrozen mystery: Water reveals a new secret

Using revolutionary new techniques, a team led by Carnegie's Malcolm Guthrie has made a striking discovery about how ice behaves under pressure, changing ideas that date back almost 50 years. Their findings ...

Jun 10, 2013
4.8 / 5 (23) 5 | with audio podcast

Dense hydrogen in a new light

(Phys.org) —Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen-rich ...

Jun 03, 2013
4.9 / 5 (34) 3 | with audio podcast

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust. But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive. New research from ...

Apr 24, 2013
4.7 / 5 (3) 0 | with audio podcast