Attention deficit medication helps drug addicts: study

Jul 26, 2010

The active ingredient in Ritalin, a medication used to control the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, could help boost self-control in cocaine addicts, a study published Monday showed.

Yale University psychiatry professor Chiang-shan Ray Li administered Ritalin's active ingredient, methylphenidate, to volunteers who were addicted to cocaine, and asked the participants to perform a computer test that assessed .

The participants were instructed to quickly press a button whenever a "go" prompt appeared on the screen.

But randomly during the test, the "go" prompt was rapidly followed by a "stop" prompt, indicating that the subjects should resist the impulse to press "go."

Study participants who were given methylphenidate were better able to resist pressing the button than were participants who were given a placebo, the study published in the found.

"The main finding of this work is that improved inhibitory control in cocaine-dependent patients," the study says, suggesting that the active ingredient in Ritalin should be investigated as a treatment for disorders such as addictions, which are related to self-control deficits.

Explore further: Risk of antibiotic overuse in aged care settings

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Ritalin may cause changes in the brain’s reward areas

Feb 04, 2009

( -- A common treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, prescribed millions of times a year, may change the brain in the same ways that cocaine does, a new study in mice suggests. Research from Rockefeller ...

Pediatric Ritalin may affect young brains

Jul 18, 2007

U.S. medical researchers have discovered use of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder drug Ritalin by young children might affect their brains.

Adult ADHD linked with dopamine levels

Aug 09, 2007

Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder have a reduced response to the drug Ritalin, U.S. government scientists have found.

Self-control impaired in type 2 diabetics

Feb 10, 2010

Type-2 diabetes, an increasingly common complication of obesity, is associated with poor impulse control. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal BioPsychoSocial Medicine suggest that neurological change ...

Recommended for you

Supermaterial gives rejected drugs a new chance

49 minutes ago

More than 80 percent of all drug candidates in the pharma R&D suffer from poor solubility and are therefore rejected early in the drug discovery process. Now Uppsala University researchers show that the new ...

Risk of antibiotic overuse in aged care settings

Jul 21, 2014

Antibiotics are being overused in residential aged care facilities (RACFs), and more integrated efforts to improve antibiotic prescribing practices need to be introduced, researchers say. 

Ruconest approved for rare genetic disease

Jul 17, 2014

(HealthDay)—Ruconest has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat hereditary angioedema, a genetic disease that leads to sudden and potentially fatal swelling of the hands, feet, limbs, face, intestinal ...

NIH system to monitor emerging drug trends

Jul 17, 2014

An innovative National Drug Early Warning System (NDEWS) is being developed to monitor emerging trends that will help health experts respond quickly to potential outbreaks of illicit drugs such as heroin and to identify increased ...

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

5 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2010
Give the addicts more drugs they can get high off of and addicted to!

It seems pretty obvious that Ritalin could be used to treat addiction, because an addiction is an impulsion, obsession and compulsion (not that these are mutually exclusive). Stimulants, dopamine releasing agents and dopamine reuptake inhibitors all have potential in mitigating obsessions (including suicidal ones) but also the potential of becoming obsessions themselves.
4 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2010

isn't that just trading a coke addiction with a meth addiction??
4 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2010
It is rather curious to employ a dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor(Ritalin) to treat an addiction to a dopamine-norepinephrine-serotonin reuptake inhibitor(cocaine). Though Ritalin is less potent and has a lower potential for addiction than cocaine, the treatment seems to be akin to that of methadone & heroin(i.e. moving the addict from a street drug to a pharmaceutical while maintaining the addiction, at least in the early phases).

To echo MichaelExe's point, Ritalin has the potential for psychological and physical addiction.