Physical activity in schools can improve children's fitness

Feb 23, 2010

A structured physical activity programme at school can improve children's fitness and decrease body fat, a study published on bmj.com today shows.

Researchers in Switzerland studied 540 seven and 11-year olds in 15 schools. Over nine months, pupils randomly allocated to an intervention group underwent a programme designed by experts. This involved structuring their existing three physical education lessons and adding two extra lessons a week. They were also given daily short activity breaks and physical activity homework. Pupils randomly allocated to a control group continued to receive their existing three lessons only.

Researchers reported a relative decrease in , improved aerobic fitness, higher levels of in-school physical activity, smaller increases or larger reductions in (BMI), and lower cardiovascular risk in the intervention group. However, overall daily physical activity and quality of life did not change significantly.

Ninety per cent of the children and 70% of the teachers enjoyed the five physical education lessons and wanted them to continue. The researchers attribute the success of the programme to its use of experts, attractiveness to both children and teachers, intensity, and integration into the school curriculum.

They say the study offers a practical way of implementing a physical activity programme in schools. This is important since childhood obesity and are increasingly common, and many children are not responsive to programmes aimed at increasing out-of-school physical activity.

As well as improving the health and fitness of children, such programmes can improve health in later life by reducing cardiovascular and other diseases, they conclude. Since the population of Switzerland is considered representative for central Europe, the results may apply to many other Western countries.

School based physical activity programmes are promising, but may be difficult to sustain in the long term, say researchers in an accompanying editorial. Wider implementation of this intervention would substantially add to the school timetable, and further research into the feasibility and acceptability of such a strategy in different countries is needed, they conclude.

Explore further: 3 tips to help use remaining health account funds

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Kids walking to, from school are healthier

Aug 19, 2005

Children who walk to school have higher overall daily physical activity levels compared with those who travel by car, bus or train, a British study says.

Recommended for you

Arkansas' model Medicaid experiment in jeopardy

1 hour ago

(AP)—Arkansas became the first southern state to expand its Medicaid program in a way that many Republicans found acceptable. The state bought private insurance for low-income people instead of adding them ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.