Bioactive glass nanofibers produced

Dec 18, 2009
The nanofibers (and micro) of glass fiber laser produced are used for bone tissue regeneration. Credit: Quintero et al.

A team of researchers from the University of Vigo, Rutgers University in the United States and Imperial College London, in the United Kingdom, has developed "laser spinning", a novel method of producing glass nanofibres with materials. They have been able to manufacture bioglass nanofibres, the bioactive glass used in regenerating bone, for the first time.

"Laser spinning makes it possible to produce glass nanofibres of compositions that would be impossible to obtain using other methods", Félix Quintero, co-author of the study and a researcher at the University of Vigo, tells SINC.

The new technique, which was highlighted on the front cover of the journal Advanced Functional Material, involves using a high-energy laser that melts a small amount of precursor material. This creates a super-fine filament that is lengthened and cooled by a powerful gas current.

The scientist highlights the simplicity of the system, that "can be used in environmental conditions", as well as its high rate of production and its ability to easily control the composition of the material.

This international team has managed to produce bioglass composition nanofibres, a bioactive that is used to regenerate bony tissue. The laser spinning makes the material flexible, continuous and gives it a nanometric structure, which helps in the proliferation and spread of bone cells.

The researchers are now working to produce other functional compositions perfected by biomedical techniques to regenerate bone, and which may have applications in other fields. The technique could be used to manufacture fire-retardant fabrics, CO2 capture systems, or to produce composite materials that require reinforcement with nanofibres.

Explore further: Hydrogen sulfide nanoreporters gather intel on oil before pumping

More information: Félix Quintero, Juan Pou, Rafael Comesaña, Fernando Lusquiños, Antonio Riveiro, Adrian B. Mann, Robert G. Hill, Zoe Y. Wu y Julian R. Jones. "Laser Spinning of Bioactive Glass Nanofibers". Advanced Functional Material 19 (19): 3084, 2009.

Provided by FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

4.1 /5 (7 votes)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

A glass apart

Jun 05, 2008

British scientists are developing a new type of glass that can dissolve and release calcium into the body. This will enable patients to regrow bones and could signal a move away from bone transplants.

Recommended for you

Making graphene in your kitchen

19 hours ago

Graphene has been touted as a wonder material—the world's thinnest substance, but super-strong. Now scientists say it is so easy to make you could produce some in your kitchen.

Thinnest feasible nano-membrane produced

Apr 17, 2014

A new nano-membrane made out of the 'super material' graphene is extremely light and breathable. Not only can this open the door to a new generation of functional waterproof clothing, but also to ultra-rapid filtration. The ...

Wiring up carbon-based electronics

Apr 17, 2014

Carbon-based nanostructures such as nanotubes, graphene sheets, and nanoribbons are unique building blocks showing versatile nanomechanical and nanoelectronic properties. These materials which are ordered ...

User comments : 0

More news stories

Making graphene in your kitchen

Graphene has been touted as a wonder material—the world's thinnest substance, but super-strong. Now scientists say it is so easy to make you could produce some in your kitchen.