Radiation exposure during interventional procedures a concern for some developing countries

Aug 03, 2009

Interventional radiology procedures are on the rise in developing countries and there is a significant need for optimization of these procedures to ensure patient safety. Many facilities in these countries lack the concept of patient dose estimation and dose management, putting patients at a higher risk of developing complications due to overexposure from radiation during interventional procedures, according to a study performed by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria.

The study included data from 55 hospitals in 20 countries—mostly in Eastern Europe, five in Africa and six in Asia. "We found that a substantial number of coronary angioplasty procedures performed in the in this study are above the currently known dose reference level," said Madan M. Rehani, PhD, coordinator of the study. "We also found that kerma area product (KAP), a method to determine dose estimations, was available in almost half of the facilities, but none had experience in its use," said Dr. Rehani.

"There is a significant lack of awareness about patient dose estimations and dose management among interventional radiologists and cardiologists in developing countries. Our goal is to introduce these concepts to them and achieve effective implementation," he said.

"Most training centers need to establish a culture of dose assessment and dose management—including programs for residents with radiation protection as an essential component—to improve patient safety. Dose monitoring devices for angiography equipment should also be considered," said Dr. Rehani.

This study appears in the August issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Source: American Roentgen Ray Society

Explore further: Continued reliance on Windows XP in physician practices may threaten data security

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Radiation dose drastically reduced during whole chest MDCT

Jun 24, 2009

Emergency physicians who evaluate patients with non-specific chest pain using whole chest multi-detector CT (MDCT) combined with retrospective electrocardiogram (ECG) gating can reduce the patient radiation dose by 71% using ...

Recommended for you

Obese British man in court fight for surgery

Jul 11, 2011

A British man weighing 22 stone (139 kilograms, 306 pounds) launched a court appeal Monday against a decision to refuse him state-funded obesity surgery because he is not fat enough.

2008 crisis spurred rise in suicides in Europe

Jul 08, 2011

The financial crisis that began to hit Europe in mid-2008 reversed a steady, years-long fall in suicides among people of working age, according to a letter published on Friday by The Lancet.

New food labels dished up to keep Europe healthy

Jul 06, 2011

A groundbreaking deal on compulsory new food labels Wednesday is set to give Europeans clear information on the nutritional and energy content of products, as well as country of origin.

Overweight men have poorer sperm count

Jul 04, 2011

Overweight or obese men, like their female counterparts, have a lower chance of becoming a parent, according to a comparison of sperm quality presented at a European fertility meeting Monday.

User comments : 0

More news stories

Bionic ankle 'emulates nature'

These days, Hugh Herr, an associate professor of media arts and sciences at MIT, gets about 100 emails daily from people across the world interested in his bionic limbs.

Cosmologists weigh cosmic filaments and voids

(Phys.org) —Cosmologists have established that much of the stuff of the universe is made of dark matter, a mysterious, invisible substance that can't be directly detected but which exerts a gravitational ...