New way to fight drug-resistant fungal infections discovered

Jul 31, 2009 By Paul Cantin

(PhysOrg.com) -- The secret to fighting often lethal drug resistant fungal infections is to knock out the bug's molecular chaperone, according to U of T researchers.

An international team led by Professor Leah Cowen of the University of Toronto's Department of has discovered that the fungal pathogen Candida albicans (known as C. albicans) is able to resist drug treatment because of an associated protein - or molecular chaperone -- called heat shock protein 90, or Hsp90.

In research published today in the journal , the researchers found that compromising Hsp90 function renders the fungal-fighting drugs known as echinocandins more effective at killing C. albicans laboratory strains and clinical isolates. Enhancing the ability of existing drugs to battle often drug-resistant fungal infections greatly enhances the ability to treat the most vulnerable patients.

"Our results suggest that interfering with Hsp90 function provides a powerful and much-needed strategy to render existing antifungal drugs more effective in the treatment of life-threatening fungal infections," said Cowen, who collaborated with colleagues from Duke University on the project.

By impairing the function of C. albicans Hsp90 - through the use of either using potent drugs or genetic techniques -- Cowen's team discovered that this rendered the fungus much more sensitive to killing by the echinocandins. This strategy to cripple the fungus worked even against isolates that evolved resistance to echinocandins in human patients. The strategy was shown to be effective in both test tube experiments and mouse models. Cowen's research suggests that treating patients with combination therapy, including a drug that inhibits Hsp90 along with an echinocandin, could have major benefits for individuals with life-threatening .

Candida albicans can cause a wide range of disease from superficial infections such as yeast infections to life-threatening infections in the bloodstream. They can be especially lethal for people with compromised immune systems, such as those with AIDS or people undergoing treatment for cancer or organ transplantation, and they are the fourth leading cause of hospital acquired infectious diseases. C. albicans is the most frequently encountered Candida species in the clinic and is the fourth most common cause of hospital acquired infectious disease with mortality rates approaching 50 per cent.

Cowen, Canada Research Chair in Microbial Genomics and Infectious Disease, has spent many years focusing on Hsp90's role in enabling the evolution of fungal drug resistance and developing strategies to harness Hsp90 as a tool to block the emergence of drug resistance and render resistant pathogens more responsive to treatment. Last March, in a paper published in the journal Current Biology, she reported that Hsp90 acted as a kind of thermostat for C. albicans; shutting down the protein's temperature-sensitivity can shut down the spread of infection.

Provided by University of Toronto (news : web)

Explore further: Top Japan lab dismisses ground-breaking stem cell study

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

New Way to Fight Fungal Infection

Jun 23, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- A team of researchers led by Amy G. Hise, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor at the Center for Global Health and Diseases at Case Western Reserve University's School of Medicine, has discovered how the body ...

Breast cancer drug shows promise against serious infections

Jul 20, 2009

An FDA-approved drug used for preventing recurrence of breast cancer shows promise in fighting life-threatening fungal infections common in immune-compromised patients, such as infants born prematurely and patients with cancer. ...

Recommended for you

Top Japan lab dismisses ground-breaking stem cell study

Dec 26, 2014

Japan's top research institute on Friday hammered the final nail in the coffin of what was once billed as a ground-breaking stem cell study, dismissing it as flawed and saying the work could have been fabricated.

Research sheds light on what causes cells to divide

Dec 24, 2014

When a rapidly-growing cell divides into two smaller cells, what triggers the split? Is it the size the growing cell eventually reaches? Or is the real trigger the time period over which the cell keeps growing ...

Locking mechanism found for 'scissors' that cut DNA

Dec 24, 2014

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have discovered what keeps an enzyme from becoming overzealous in its clipping of DNA. Since controlled clipping is required for the production of specialized immune system proteins, ...

Scrapie could breach the species barrier

Dec 24, 2014

INRA scientists have shown for the first time that the pathogens responsible for scrapie in small ruminants (prions) have the potential to convert the human prion protein from a healthy state to a pathological ...

Extracting bioactive compounds from marine microalgae

Dec 24, 2014

Microalgae can produce high value health compounds like omega-3s , traditionally sourced from fish. With declining fish stocks, an alternative source is imperative. Published in the Pertanika Journal of Tr ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.