Competition may be reason for bigger brain

Jun 22, 2009
Professor David Geary finds that competitive ancestors may be blamed for today's big brain. Credit: David Geary

For the past 2 million years, the size of the human brain has tripled, growing much faster than other mammals. Examining the reasons for human brain expansion, University of Missouri researchers studied three common hypotheses for brain growth: climate change, ecological demands and social competition. The team found that social competition is the major cause of increased cranial capacity.

To test the three hypotheses, MU researchers collected data from 153 hominid (humans and our ancestors) skulls from the past 2 million years. Examining the locations and global climate changes at the time the fossil was dated, the number of parasites in the region and estimated population density in the areas where the skulls were found, the researchers discovered that population density had the biggest effect on size and thus cranial capacity.

"Our findings suggest size increases the most in areas with larger populations and this almost certainly increased the intensity of social competition," said David Geary, Curator's Professor and Thomas Jefferson Professor of Psychosocial Sciences in the MU College of Arts and Science. "When humans had to compete for necessities and social status, which allowed better access to these necessities, bigger brains provided an advantage."

The researchers also found some credibility to the hypothesis, which assumes that global climate change and migrations away from the equator resulted in humans becoming better at coping with climate change. But the importance of coping with climate was much smaller than the importance of coping with other people.

"Brains are metabolically expensive, meaning they take lots of time and energy to develop and maintain, making it so important to understand why our brains continued to evolve faster than other animals," said Drew Bailey, MU graduate student and co-author of the study. "Our research tells us that competition, whether healthy or not, sets the stage for brain evolution."

More information: The study, "Hominid Brain Evolution," recently was published in Human Nature and co-authored by Geary and Bailey.

Source: University of Missouri-Columbia (news : web)

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mattytheory
5 / 5 (1) Jun 22, 2009
Interesting. Although, I thought that competition was THE motivator behind evolution. If so, and we assume that brain development follows Darwinian evolution (and we pretty much have to if we assume that ANY other part of the body does too), then wouldn't this be a foregone conclusion?
jeffsaunders
not rated yet Jun 23, 2009
yep it is now official - chicks like guys with big heads.

And for mattytheory yes it was already well agreed. But there was argument over where the pressure came from on man to develop the bigger brain. I figured it was social interaction with other humans that was the driving force, but I am not an anthropologist, and we needed "them" to come to the same conclusion so now we can all be happy.

Two main factors in survival - getting enough nourishment and finding a mate. In social animals it is status that gets you the most mates - sometimes stealth works too.

Probably why there are so many criminals around.
smiffy
not rated yet Jun 23, 2009
Our findings suggest brain size increases the most in areas with larger populations and this almost certainly increased the intensity of social competition
The team found that social competition is the major cause of increased cranial capacity.
It could be argued just as easily that living in a bigger population demanded greater co-operative abilities, especially language and specialized skill acquisitions, and that it was this that drove brain size expansion.
otto1923
not rated yet Jun 27, 2009
War the ultimate social discourse, among tribes, the winners who could out-think the enemy got to usurp their women. The human brain is an unnatural state- 20% of body energy, it starts to deteriorate after age 15. War did this to us.
HenisDov
not rated yet Aug 04, 2009
Is Endless Gibberish Enlarging Scientists' Brain ?
On Theme And Variations


A. From "Competition may be reason for bigger brain"
http://www.physor...829.html

- "The team found that social competition is the major cause of increased cranial capacity."

- "Our research tells us that competition, whether healthy or not, sets the stage for brain evolution."


B. About time for life sciences to assimilate, to internalize, the theme of brain evolution and its variations

"On The Origin And Tasks Of Brain Cells"
http://www.the-sc...age#2822

About time for life sciences to assimilate, to internalize, that it is culture that drives genetics, and that genes-genomes survive mainly by evolving their culture of modifying-controling their environment.

"Scientists" might start further evolving their thinking by starting with search-surfing "Dov Henis : It is culture that drives genetics, not genetics that drives culture".


Suggesting,

Dov Henis
(Comments From The 22nd Century)
http://profiles.y...MFQSDYEU
Origin Of Origins
http://www.the-sc...age#2753