Global warming may delay recovery of stratospheric ozone

Feb 04, 2009

Increasing greenhouse gases could delay, or even postpone indefinitely the recovery of stratospheric ozone in some regions of the Earth, a new study suggests. This change might take a toll on public health.

Darryn W. Waugh, an atmospheric scientist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and his colleagues report that climate change could provoke variations in the circulation of air in the lower stratosphere in tropical and southern mid-latitudes — a band of the Earth including Australia and Brazil. The circulation changes would cause ozone levels in these areas never to return to levels that were present before decline began, even after ozone-depleting substances have been wiped out from the atmosphere.

"Global warming causes changes in the speed that the air is transported into and through the lower stratosphere [in tropical and southern mid-latitudes]," says Waugh. "You're moving the air through it quicker, so less ozone gets formed." He and his team present their findings in the Feb. 5 Geophysical Research Letters, a publication of the American Geophysical Union (AGU).

Dan Lubin, an atmospheric scientist who has studied the relationship between ozone depletion and variations in the ultraviolet radiation that reaches the Earth, says Waugh's findings could bode ill for people living in the tropics and southern mid-latitudes.

If ozone levels never return to pre-1960 levels in those regions, "the risk of skin cancer for fair-skinned populations living in countries like Australia and New Zealand, and probably in Chile and Argentina too, will be greater in the 21st century than it was during the 20th century," says Lubin, who is at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif. and did not participate in the research.

Ozone is a gas which is naturally present in the atmosphere and absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the Sun that can harm living beings—for instance, by causing human skin cancer. This protective molecule has been in decline in the stratosphere since the 1970s due to an increase in atmospheric concentrations of human-made substances (mostly chlorofluorocarbon and bromofluorocarbon compounds) that destroy ozone. Since the late 1980s, most countries have adhered to the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty to phase out production of ozone-depleting substances.

Researchers at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. collaborated with Waugh in the new study. The team forecast effects on ozone recovery by means of simulations using a computer model known as the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry-Climate Model.

Not all regions face worse prospects for ozone recovery as a result of climate change, the scientists find.

In polar regions and northern mid-latitudes, restoration of ozone in the lower stratosphere will suffer little impact from increasing greenhouse gases, their projections indicate.

Indeed, in the upper stratosphere, climate change causes a drop in temperatures that slows down some of the chemical reactions that destroy ozone. So, recovery might be reached in those parts of the atmosphere earlier than forecast, even decades before the removal of ozone-depleting gases.

While scientists have long suspected that climate change might be altering the dynamics of stratospheric ozone recovery, Waugh's team is the first to estimate the effects of increasing greenhouse gases on the recovery of ozone by region.

Waugh says his study will help scientists attribute ozone variations to the right agent.

"Ozone is going to change in response to both ozone-depleting substances and greenhouse gases," he says, "If you don't consider climate change when studying the ozone recovery data, you may get pretty confused."

Reference: Waugh, D. W., L. Oman, S. R., Kawa, R. S. Stolarski, S. Pawson, A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, and J. E. Nielsen (2009), Impacts of climate change on stratospheric ozone recovery, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L03805, doi:10.1029/2008GL036223.
dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL036223

Source: American Geophysical Union

Explore further: Magnitude-7.2 earthquake shakes Mexican capital

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Is natural gas a solution to mitigating climate change?

Feb 11, 2014

(Phys.org) —Methane, a key greenhouse gas, has more than doubled in volume in Earth's atmosphere since 1750. Its increase is believed to be a leading contributor to climate change. But where is the methane ...

Ozone hole might slightly warm planet

Aug 08, 2013

A lot of people mix up the ozone hole and global warming, believing the hole is a major cause of the world's increasing average temperature. Scientists, on the other hand, have long attributed a small cooling ...

Recommended for you

Magnitude-7.2 earthquake shakes Mexican capital

Apr 18, 2014

A powerful magnitude-7.2 earthquake shook central and southern Mexico on Friday, sending panicked people into the streets. Some walls cracked and fell, but there were no reports of major damage or casualties.

User comments : 9

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

GrayMouser
2.7 / 5 (6) Feb 04, 2009
The same amount of ozone would be formed, the concentrations might decrease IF there were an increase in mixing.
Big_Oil_Sockpuppet
1.7 / 5 (6) Feb 04, 2009
Ozone is toxic. That stratospheric ozone is decreasing is a good thing.
jackj
4.5 / 5 (8) Feb 04, 2009
I wonder how much tax payer money was wasted on this study.
Nartoon
3.7 / 5 (9) Feb 04, 2009
Is there anything that AGW can't do?
barkster
4 / 5 (8) Feb 05, 2009
"If you don't consider climate change when studying the ozone recovery data, you may get pretty confused."
OH! You really think so?

Jesus... I read that article slowly three times and I STILL feel like someone just waved their arms around in front of my face like doing some kinda jedi mind trick... or like watching that stupid shell game thing they show on the jumbo-tron at baseball games.

How many times did they just synonamously swap "global warming" and "climate change"?

"While scientists have long suspected that climate change might be altering the dynamics of stratospheric ozone recovery, Waugh's team is the first to estimate the effects of increasing greenhouse gases on the recovery of ozone by region."
Yet another "scientific" conclusion based on assumed "facts". Still doesn't make GW a reality.
Ninderthana
3.9 / 5 (7) Feb 05, 2009
Of course the implicit (and in my belief wrong) assumption is that AGW is in fact true. When is this
AGW BS going to end?
vanderMerwe
3.4 / 5 (5) Feb 05, 2009
The whole ozone scare was a hoax. The enviroNazis, who have less brains than God promised stunned ducklings, freaked out when they started measurements in Antarctica and acted like something they'd just started measuring had just suddenly appeared.

They did the usual song and dance with the media. All of a sudden there was a gigantic consensus that evolved once DuPont discovered a "green" refrigerant to replace R-12 that providentially cost 4 times as much to buy.

Now it's twenty years later and the promised "recovery" isn't happening and so they blame it on AGW. People are SO gullible.
jazzenjohn
5 / 5 (3) Feb 07, 2009
I think the issue is larger. Environmentalists are rightfully concerned about pollution, but it was then transformed into global warming, then climate change, and the unproven culprit is CO2, the gas in your exhaled breath. The gas plants breathe.

The real issue is power and control. By having control of CO2, you control all manufacturing, all, use of any petrochemical, and also animal farming! The real goal of many enviro groups is the elimination of the automobile, although they rarely speak of it openly to avoid undermining support with mainstream people, and the ability to have power over industries to force them to "cap and trade". The real solution is to sell pollution control technology to offset the trade imbalance, while forcing the countries that wish to trade with us to clean up or we don't give them access to our market. The real polluters are India and China.
Velanarris
5 / 5 (2) Feb 09, 2009
Well don't worry guys.

If the AGW theory is true then the increased storm intensity will lead to more lightning, a natural ozone generator, which will make up for ozone depletion.

Or the theory is wrong and this article is inaccurate.

More news stories

China says massive area of its soil polluted

A huge area of China's soil covering more than twice the size of Spain is estimated to be polluted, the government said Thursday, announcing findings of a survey previously kept secret.

UN weather agency warns of 'El Nino' this year

The UN weather agency Tuesday warned there was a good chance of an "El Nino" climate phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean this year, bringing droughts and heavy rainfall to the rest of the world.

Airbnb rental site raises $450 mn

Online lodging listings website Airbnb inked a $450 million funding deal with investors led by TPG, a source close to the matter said Friday.

Health care site flagged in Heartbleed review

People with accounts on the enrollment website for President Barack Obama's signature health care law are being told to change their passwords following an administration-wide review of the government's vulnerability to the ...