Massive California fires consistent with climate change

Oct 24, 2007

The catastrophic fires that are sweeping Southern California are consistent with what climate change models have been predicting for years, experts say, and they may be just a prelude to many more such events in the future – as vegetation grows heavier than usual and then ignites during prolonged drought periods.

“This is exactly what we’ve been projecting to happen, both in short-term fire forecasts for this year and the longer term patterns that can be linked to global climate change,” said Ronald Neilson, a professor at Oregon State University and bioclimatologist with the USDA Forest Service.

“You can’t look at one event such as this and say with certainty that it was caused by a changing climate,” said Neilson, who was also a contributor to publications of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a co-recipient earlier this month of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

“But things just like this are consistent with what the latest modeling shows,” Neilson said, “and may be another piece of evidence that climate change is a reality, one with serious effects.”

The latest models, Neilson said, suggest that parts of the United States may be experiencing longer-term precipitation patterns – less year-to-year variability, but rather several wet years in a row followed by several that are drier than normal.

“As the planet warms, more water is getting evaporated from the oceans and all that water has to come down somewhere as precipitation,” said Neilson. “That can lead, at times, to heavier vegetation loads popping up and creation of a tremendous fuel load. But the warmth and other climatic forces are also going to create periodic droughts. If you get an ignition source during these periods, the fires can just become explosive.”

The problems can be compounded, Neilson said, by El Niño or La Nina events. A La Niña episode that’s currently under way is probably amplifying the Southern California drought, he said. But when rains return for a period of years, the burned vegetation may inevitably re-grow to very dense levels.

“In the future, catastrophic fires such as those going on now in California may simply be a normal part of the landscape,” said Neilson.

Fire forecast models developed by Neilson’s research group at OSU and the Forest Service rely on several global climate models. When combined, they accurately predicted both the Southern California fires that are happening and the drought that has recently hit parts of the Southeast, including Georgia and Florida, causing crippling water shortages.

In studies released five years ago, Neilson and other OSU researchers predicted that the American West could become both warmer and wetter in the coming century, conditions that would lead to repeated, catastrophic fires larger than any in recent history.

At that time, the scientists suggested that periodic increases in precipitation, in combination with higher temperatures and rising carbon dioxide levels, would spur vegetation growth and add even further to existing fuel loads caused by decades of fire suppression.

Droughts or heat waves, the researchers said in 2002, would then lead to levels of wildfire larger than most observed since European settlement. The projections were based on various “general circulation” models that showed both global warming and precipitation increases during the 21st century.

Source: Oregon State University

Explore further: Agricultural research extends carbon capture depths 

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Recommended for you

US delays decision on Keystone pipeline project

Apr 18, 2014

The United States announced Friday a fresh delay on a final decision regarding a controversial Canada to US oil pipeline, saying more time was needed to carry out a review.

New research on Earth's carbon budget

Apr 18, 2014

(Phys.org) —Results from a research project involving scientists from the Desert Research Institute have generated new findings surrounding some of the unknowns of changes in climate and the degree to which ...

User comments : 4

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

jburchel
2.8 / 5 (6) Oct 24, 2007
Uh... another stupid Global Warming conclusion. Britney Spears' not wearing underwear is also "consistent with Global Warming", but some "conclusions" are just idiotic. This area had had periodic burn offs for millenniums, but there just weren't suburbs there before. Get real...
mikiwud
2.3 / 5 (4) Oct 25, 2007
As Gorebals and Co are being shown to be wrong more and more as real science is now getting some media exposure,more propaganda like this is being printed in the hope of keeping the political line going.
drknowledge
4 / 5 (4) Oct 25, 2007
The fault here is the above commenters jburchel and mikiwud, who disingenuously change carefully chosen phrases such as "consistent with climate change" and "may be another piece of evidence" into emotionally laiden misrepresentations such as claiming the article has "conclusions" and is "propaganda". You, above commenters, claiming such things having opinions belonging to "real science" are the distorters of truth. Shame on you. You aren't scientists, you're hysterics.
mikiwud
2 / 5 (2) Oct 26, 2007
drknowledge,
Propaganada is unsubstantiated statements that keep the lie alive (usually released to offset a setback to the established lie i.e Gorebals beeing shown in his true colours.
Try http://icecap.us as a starting point for some inconvienient truths or http://climatepol...dex.html

More news stories

Meth mouth menace

Something was up in Idaho. While visiting a friend in Athol, a small town north of Coeur d'Alene, Jennifer Towers, director of research affairs at the Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, noticed ...