NASA infrared imagery shows wind shear affecting Tropical Cyclone Uriah

February 18, 2016 by Rob Gutro
On Feb. 18 at 0811 UTC (3:11 a.m. EST) the AIRS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite saw Uriah's coldest cloud top temperatures in strong thunderstorms exceeding -63F/-53C (purple) south of the center of circulation. Credit: NASA JPL, Ed Olsen

The Southern Indian Ocean's Tropical Cyclone Uriah is now past its peak and continues to weaken. Infrared satellite imagery from NASA revealed wind shear has already begun to take a toll on the storm. Wind shear began affecting Tropical Cyclone Uriah on February 17 as it reached its peak intensity. By February 18, increasing vertical wind shear's effect became more apparent.

On Feb. 17 at 1800 UTC (1 p.m. EST), NASA's RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station measured Tropical Cyclone Uriah's surface winds. RapidScat measures over open waters and found that strongest winds were near 30 meters per second (67.1 mph/ 108 kph) in the storm's southwestern quadrant. RapidScat also saw that tropical-storm-force winds were occurring out to 230 nautical miles from the center of circulation.

RapidScat is very helpful to forecasters because it can determine where the most powerful winds are located since winds are not equally distributed in .

On Feb. 18 at 0811 UTC (3:11 a.m. EST) the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder or AIRS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite looked at the storm in infrared light. AIRS data showed that Uriah's coldest cloud top temperatures appeared in strongest thunderstorms, south of the center of circulation. Those temperatures were colder than minus 63 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 53 degrees Celsius), and NASA research has shown that storms with cloud tops that cold and extending high into the troposphere have the capability to generate heavy rain.

On Feb. 17 at 1800 UTC (1 p.m. EST), NASA's RapidScat found that strongest winds were near 30 meters per second (67.1 mph/ 108 kph) in Uriah's southwestern quadrant. Credit: NASA JPL/Doug Tyler

The AIRS imagery also showed that moderate to strong vertical had pushed the bulk of clouds south of Uriah's center. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) noted "animated enhanced indicates rapidly decaying (weakening) deep convection (rising air that condenses and forms clouds and thunderstorms that make up the tropical cyclone)."

By 1500 UTC (10 a.m. EST) Tropical Cyclone Uriah's winds had dropped from 125 knots (143.8 mph/ 231.5 kph) where it peaked, down to 90 knots (103.6 mph/166.7 kph). Uriah was centered near 22.3 degrees south latitude and 78.7 degrees east longitude, about 963 nautical miles (1,108 miles/ 1,783 km) south-southeast of Diego Garcia. Uriah was moving to the south at 11 knots (12.6 mph/20.3 kph).

Forecasters at the JTWC expect that Uriah will continue to move in a southerly direction and steadily weaken. Uriah is no threat to any land areas.

The storm is expected to dissipate by February 22.

Explore further: NASA sees a stronger Tropical Cyclone Uriah

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