Glow from the Big Bang allows discovery of distant black hole jet

February 16, 2016
Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/ISAS/A.Simionescu et al, Optical: DSS

Astronomers have used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to discover a jet from a very distant supermassive black hole being illuminated by the oldest light in the Universe. This discovery shows that black holes with powerful jets may be more common than previously thought in the first few billion years after the Big Bang.

The light detected from this jet was emitted when the Universe was only 2.7 billion years old, a fifth of its present age. At this point, the intensity of the radiation, or CMB, left over from the Big Bang was much greater than it is today.

The length of the jet, found in the system known as B3 0727+409, is at least 300,000 light years. Many long jets emitted by supermassive have been detected in the nearby Universe, but exactly how these jets give off X-rays has remained a matter of debate. In B3 0727+409, it appears that the CMB is being boosted to X-ray wavelengths.

"Because we're seeing this jet when the Universe was less than three billion years old, the jet is about 150 times brighter in X-rays than it would be in the nearby Universe," said Aurora Simionescu at JAXA's Institute of Space and Astronautical Studies (ISAS) who led the study.

As the electrons in the jet fly from the black hole at close to the speed of light, they move through the sea of CMB radiation and collide with microwave photons, boosting the energy of the photons up into the X-ray band to be detected by Chandra. This implies that the electrons in the B3 0727+409 jet must keep moving at nearly the speed of light for hundreds of thousands of light years.

Electrons in black hole jets usually emit strongly at radio wavelengths, so typically these systems are found using radio observations. The discovery of the jet in B3 0727+409 is special because so far almost no radio signal has been detected from this object, while it is easily seen in the X-ray image.

"We essentially stumbled onto this remarkable jet because it happened to be in Chandra's field of view while we were observing something else," explains co-author Lukasz Stawarz of Jagiellonian University in Poland.

Scientists have so far identified very few jets distant enough that their X-ray brightness is amplified by the CMB as clearly as in the B3 0727+409 system. But, Stawarz adds, "if bright X-ray jets can exist with very faint or undetected radio counterparts, it means that there could be many more of them out there because we haven't been systematically looking for them."

"Supermassive black hole activity, including the launching of jets, may be different in the early Universe than what we see later on," said co-author Teddy Cheung of the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC. "By finding and studying more of these distant , we can start to grasp how the properties of might change over billions of years."

These results were published in the January 1st, 2016 issue of The Astrophysical Journal Letters and appear online.

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Bigbangcon
2.2 / 5 (10) Feb 17, 2016
They demonized and exiled Halton "Chip" Arp for showing that quasars are ejects from nearby galaxies.

But now after his death they have no shame to claim that the "all-devouring", hungry and mythical "Black Hole monsters" throw out (in anger?) large chunk of its own meal; when they declare, "This discovery shows that black holes with powerful jets may be more common than previously thought in the first few billion years after the Big Bang."

And also; "Many long jets emitted by supermassive black holes have been detected in the nearby Universe, but exactly how these jets give off X-rays has remained a matter of debate."

What could go wrong with "all-knowing" (right from the beginning of equally mythical Big Bang universe) official astrophysics and cosmology?

IMP-9
4.6 / 5 (10) Feb 17, 2016
for showing that quasars are ejects from nearby galaxies.


Ignoring of course the fact this has been totally rebuked by careful statistical analysis of the largest redshift survey available, SDSS. The projected correlation function for nearby galaxies and high redshift quasars is consistent with a second analysis replacing the galaxies with random positions. The high redshift quasars are not clustered on the sky with nearby galaxies as Arp's model would claim.

http://adsabs.har...33...41T
bschott
1.7 / 5 (6) Feb 17, 2016
What could go wrong with "all-knowing" (right from the beginning of equally mythical Big Bang universe) official astrophysics and cosmology?


Are you saying there's a problem with BH formation theory conflicting with their presence at this time period? Hell no, don't think....just believe.
cantdrive85
2 / 5 (8) Feb 17, 2016
What's truly amazing is how they can use the "glow" from a mythical nonevent to find evidence of yet another mythical nonentity such as a BH. It's like a circle jerk of fanciful thought experiments by ignorant scifi authors trying to explain real science. The laughable part is how truly ignorant these idiots are of real plasma physics.
neutronberg
1 / 5 (6) Feb 17, 2016
The article is a master piece, right on target. Back in the early universe the near the vortex of creation, the flow of current of the microwave micro-bits (negative in charge) or dark energy name in counters a galactic jet current made of evaporated mater from the galaxy's black hole(void of matter) region.

The microwave micro-bit current is merging with the evaporated matter current of black hole jet and creating new matter in the cross-current action. all matter is started with microwave micro-bits or called CMB (cosmic microwave back round radiation) or called static radio waves, but in unified current form. The crossing or converging currents of the dark energy currents create matter.
Bigbangcon
1 / 5 (6) Feb 17, 2016
for showing that quasars are ejects from nearby galaxies.


The high redshift quasars are not clustered on the sky with nearby galaxies as Arp's model would claim.
http://adsabs.har...33...41T


Arp had put forward a challenge http://www.halton...buttals.
But none of the "Big-Name" astrophysicists had the temerity to respond. We have to depend on the single and the only report of two obscure Chinese astrophysicists to counter Arp!
IMP-9
4.7 / 5 (12) Feb 17, 2016
We have to depend on the single and the only report of two obscure Chinese astrophysicists to counter Arp


Ad Hom. Attacking the scientists is not refuting the science. If you don't believe their conclusions I suggest you come up with real criticism rather than cheap dismissal and invite you to repeat the analysis. SDSS data is public and coding an angular correlation function isn't difficult. You could do even better now with the completed SDSS survey and the BOSS extension.
del2
1.8 / 5 (5) Feb 17, 2016
Ignoring of course the fact this has been totally rebuked by careful statistical analysis of the largest redshift survey available, SDSS.

Rebuked? Do you, just possibly, mean 'refuted'?
Bigbangcon
1 / 5 (6) Feb 17, 2016
We have to depend on the single and the only report of two obscure Chinese astrophysicists to counter Arp


Ad Hom. Attacking the scientists is not refuting the science. If you don't believe their conclusions I suggest you come up with real criticism rather than cheap dismissal and invite you to repeat the analysis. SDSS data is public and coding an angular correlation function isn't difficult. You could do even better now with the completed SDSS survey and the BOSS extension.

What could be more Ad Hom. than kicking out as capable an astronomer as Arp from his research and driving him into exile?

There are many and much more capable astrophysicists and also those who collected the SDSS and the BOSS data. Why they do/did not (or even you) study "the angular correlation function" and refute Arp? Arp is not just any Tom, Dick and Harry kind of fellow! He did not bend to the will of the power that be; to beg for fame and fortune - a Galileo of modern time!
IMP-9
5 / 5 (10) Feb 17, 2016
Bringing up Arp's claimed persecution is again Ad Hom. His career has nothing to do with the science of testing his model and weighing up the evidence here.

By 2005 nobody took Arp's model seriously because periodic redshift was all but dead by then. The angular correlation function was a novel test made possible by such a large dataset with overlapping QSO and galaxy data. But very few people were still interested in Arp's model. It doesn't matter who did the analysis, unless you can see an actual flaw in the method or have redone the results you cannot just dismiss it.
Bigbangcon
1 / 5 (6) Feb 17, 2016
Bringing up Arp's claimed persecution is again Ad Hom. His career has nothing to do with the science of testing his model and weighing up the evidence here.


It is very easy rationalize anything in words. Arp was kicked out exactly because his discoveries contradicted Big Bang theology. Because if he is proved to be correct than ALL of official cosmology along with its fundamental premise of esoteric "continuous field" (GR) as the objective basis of physical reality, will collapse
So, the only modern way to kill a heretic (much more efficient than Guillotine and Stake) is to just IGNORE him without any fuss; such that not only in person but his work will be totally obliterated! So long!
Bigbangcon
1 / 5 (3) Feb 17, 2016
Sorry, messed up with the quote in the above comment!
IMP-9
5 / 5 (10) Feb 17, 2016
He wasn't ignored, the evidence simply dried up. Redshift surveys got a thousand times larger and intrinsic periodic redshift was not there. Suddenly a model crafted to explain periodicity in much smaller samples became redundant, it was attempting to explain structure which wasn't observed. His model was given a fair shake but as I have discussed the evidence didn't stack up with it.

You clearly however aren't interested in the actual science. As you haven't made a single point about the paper other than claiming these researchers somehow aren't to be trusted. Oh the hypocrisy.
Zzzzzzzz
5 / 5 (7) Feb 17, 2016
Can't hardly visit this site these days without increasing the length of my ignore list........sad...
jonesdave
5 / 5 (4) Feb 17, 2016
Rather apt, I thought:

https://briankobe...ing-red/
gculpex
not rated yet Feb 17, 2016
what happened to the second star in the inset?
Phys1
5 / 5 (7) Feb 17, 2016
Can't hardly visit this site these days without increasing the length of my ignore list........sad...

I'll give you a few more:
___
Do not feed the following
trolls: plasmasrevenge cantdrive45 liquidspacetime gkam kaiserderden antigoracle Seeker2 swordsman viko_mx DavidW BartV bluehigh baudrunner Solon hyperfuzzy julianpenrod emaalouf theprocessionist wduckss Old_C_Code Bigbangcon katesisco jimbraumcos indio007 LifeBasedLogic Reg Mundy vidyunmaya Osiris1 obama_socks promile
pariahs: bschott
psychos: Benni ichisan rodkeh
This list is updated continuously.
Psilly_T
5 / 5 (2) Feb 19, 2016
what happened to the second star in the inset?

in the bigger picture i believe you are seeing visible + Xray in the inset you are only seeing the Xray so the "star", or more likely galaxy, is not visible.
viko_mx
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2016
How is it passible the matter to consolidate in the cosmic stracture thanks to gravity, when is expanding with the speeds slose to the speed of lights as big bang theorist claim, despite that the gravity have not enogh strength to stop the expansion of the universe according the same theorists? I doubt that enyone of the these theorists have a answer. Babylonian metaphysicians are not strong in the scientific disciplines. Their strength is in mantras and bold speculation, not based obn facts but on imagination and it seems that they are keeping the ancient traditions.

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