Determination of ion exchange constants for ion exchange processes occurring at the cationic micellar surface

January 25, 2016
Plot of KBr/S vs. KS0 where SM, WM, and VS represent spherical micelles, wormlike micelles and vesicles, respectively.

The effects of moderately hydrophobic counter ions (X) on cationic micellar growth have been studied extensively because of its various industrial applications. We have developed a chemical method to quantify X affinity to ionic micelles, and X-induced and temperature-induced micellar growth (spherical-to-wormlike micelles-to-vesicles).

The effects of moderately hydrophobic counter ions (X) on cationic micellar growth have been studied extensively because of its various industrial applications. We have developed a chemical method to quantify X affinity to ionic micelles, and X-induced and temperature-induced micellar growth (spherical-to-wormlike micelles-to-vesicles). Such a correlation has a predictive power to predict X-induced and temperature-induced micellar growth. Hence, the finding of this project are expected to benefit the following research communities:

• Data analysis of ionic micellar-catalyzed semi-ionic bimolecular reactions encountered in both applied and fundamental research institutions.

• Detergent and pharmaceutical based industrial processes.

• Molecular separation science

Micelles are dynamic in the sense that their molecular geometry is highly sensitive to the surrounding environment such as surfactant concentration, temperature, pH, ionic strength as well as the presence of additive. The counter ion (X-), especially the substituted benzoate ion and temperature are well known for their contribution in affecting micellar structural changes such as growth from spherical-to-rodlike-to-wormlike-to-vesicle. Thus, the value of micellar binding constant of X-, KX increased in the order: KX (spherical) < KX (rodlike) < KX (wormlike) < KX (vesicle) when measured under the same surfactant (such as DDABr).

Quantitative correlation of counter ions (X-) binding affinity to cationic micelles can be obtained by kinetically determine the relative binding ratios, where X- and Br- are the competing counter ions in the cationic micellar system studied. These ratios are calculated by using an empirical equation, which was derived from on Pseudophase Micellar (PM) model. The reaction systems contain aqueous solution of DDABr micelle and X- were varied according to the organic salt (MνX) used in the system. The determination of relative binding ration involves the determination of a few kinetics parameters using semi-empirical kinetic or spectrophotometric method depending on the conter ions, e.g. X- and S-. In the kinetic method, the probe consists of the piperidinolysis of Phenyl Salicylate (PSa-) in the presence of constant concentration of [DDABr]T and [NaOH], and variable [MνX] concentration.

Explore further: Super-mini vehicles carry therapeutics and imaging agents into body with mega results

Related Stories

Coming round to stable self-assembly

May 28, 2013

Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry. However, it is difficult to develop structurally robust self-assembling materials because they are often ...

Recommended for you

Force triggers gene expression by stretching chromatin

August 26, 2016

How genes in our DNA are expressed into traits within a cell is a complicated mystery with many players, the main suspects being chemical. However, a new study by University of Illinois researchers and collaborators in China ...

Isolation of Fe(IV) decamethylferrocene salts

August 29, 2016

(Phys.org)—Ferrocene is the model compound that students often learn when they are introduced to organometallic chemistry. It has an iron center that is coordinated to the π electrons in two cyclopentadienyl rings. (C5H5- ...

Bringing artificial enzymes closer to nature

August 29, 2016

Scientists at the University of Basel, ETH Zurich, and NCCR Molecular Systems Engineering have developed an artificial metalloenzyme that catalyses a reaction inside of cells without equivalent in nature. This could be a ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.