'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding

January 24, 2016 byGillian Flaccus
'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
This Jan. 7, 2016 photo provided by The Nature Conservancy shows the San Lorenzo River overflowing around the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, an oceanfront amusement park in Santa Cruz, Caif. The Nature Conservancy an environmental group in California is recruiting drone hobbyists to map flooding and coastal damage after El Nino storms with the idea that the images will help predict what the future coastline will look like as sea levels rise from global warming. (Matt Merrifield via AP)

Forget about selfies. In California, residents are using smartphones and drones to document the coastline's changing face.

Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years—and all in the name of science.

The idea is that crowd-sourced, geotagged images of storm surges and flooded beaches will give scientists a brief window into what the future holds as sea levels rise from global warming, a sort of a crystal ball for climate change.

Images from the latest drones, which can produce high-resolution 3D maps, will be particularly useful and will help scientists determine if predictive models about are accurate, said Matt Merrifield, the organization's .

"We use these projected models and they don't quite look right, but we're lacking any empirical evidence," he said. "This is essentially a way of 'ground truthing' those models."

Experts on agreed that El Nino-fueled storms offer a sneak peak of the future and said the project was a novel way to raise public awareness. Because of its crowd-sourced nature, however, they cautioned the experiment might not yield all the results organizers hoped for, although any additional information is useful.

'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
This January 20, 2015 photo provided by The Nature Conservancy shows Twin Lakes Beach in Santa Cruz, Calif. and Schwann Lagoon, the body of water on the right. The Nature Conservancy an environmental group in California is recruiting drone hobbyists to map flooding and coastal damage after El Nino storms with the idea that the images will help predict what the future coastline will look like as sea levels rise from global warming. (Matt Merrifield/The Nature Conservancy via AP)

"It's not the answer, but it's a part of the answer," said Lesley Ewing, senior coastal engineer with the California Coastal Commission. "It's a piece of the puzzle."

In California, nearly a half-million people, $100 billion in property and critical infrastructure such as schools, power plants and highways will be at risk of inundation during a major storm if sea level rises another 4.6 feet—a figure that could become a reality by 2100, according to a 2009 Pacific Institute study commissioned by three state agencies.

Beaches that Californians take for granted will become much smaller or disappear altogether and El Nino-fueled storms will have a similar effect, if only temporarily, said William Patzert, a climatologist for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
In this Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 photo, Trent Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer who builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment, sets up a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos and videos over the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

"When you get big winter storm surge like they want to document, you tend to lose a lot of beach," he said. "In a way, it's like doing a documentary on the future. It'll show you what your beaches will look like in 100 years."

What the mapping won't be able to predict is exactly which beaches will disappear and which bluffs will crumble—all things that will affect how flooding impacts coastal populations, said Ewing, the California Coastal Commission engineer.

"We're not going to capture that change," she said. "We're going to capture where the water could go to with this current landscape and that's still a very important thing to understand because it gets at those hot spots."

In this Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 photo, Trent Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer who builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment, controls a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos and videos over the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years—and all in the name of science. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

So far, project organizers aren't giving assignments to participants, although they may send out specific requests as the winter unfolds, said Merrifield.

If users wind up mapping real-time flooding events along 10 or 15 percent of California's 840-mile-long coastline the project will be a success, he said. A realistic goal is a "curated selection" of 3D maps showing flooding up and down the coast at different dates and times.

The Nature Conservancy has partnered with a San Francisco-area startup called DroneDeploy that will provide a free app to drone owners for consistency. The app will provide automated flight patterns at the touch of a screen while cloud-based technology will make managing so much data feasible, said Ian Smith, a business developer for the company.

'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
In this Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 photo, Trent Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer who builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment, controls a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos and videos over the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

Trent Lukaczyk heard about the experiment from a posting in a Facebook group dedicated to drone enthusiasts. For the aerospace engineer, who has already used drones to map coral reefs in American Samoa, the volunteer work was appealing.

"It's a really exciting application. It's not just something to take a selfie with," he said, before heading out to collect images of beach erosion after a storm in Pacifica, California.

'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
In this Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 photo, Trent Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer who builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment, creates a mission for a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos over the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
This Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 drone photo provided by Trent Lukaczyk shows Rockaway Beach during a mapping flight by a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos of the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer, builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (Trent Lukaczyk via AP)
'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
This Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 drone photo provided by Trent Lukaczyk shows Rockaway Beach during a mapping flight by a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos of the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer, builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (Trent Lukaczyk via AP)
'Citizen scientists' use drones to map El Nino flooding
This Thursday, Jan. 21, 2016 drone photo provided by Trent Lukaczyk shows Rockaway Beach during a mapping flight by a DJI Phantom 3 Advanced drone to take photos of the coastline in Pacifica, Calif. Lukaczyk, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) engineer, builds and flies drones to monitor changes in the ocean environment. Starting this month, The Nature Conservancy is asking tech junkies to capture the flooding and coastal erosion that come with El Nino, a weather pattern that's bringing California its wettest winter in years, and all in the name of science. (Trent Lukaczyk via AP)

Explore further: El Nino and La Nina will exacerbate coastal hazards across entire Pacific

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