Iran closes capital's schools due to air pollution

December 20, 2015
An Iranian woman wears a facemask as she walks in a heavily polluted area in Tehran on December 19, 2015 as the capital city's a
An Iranian woman wears a facemask as she walks in a heavily polluted area in Tehran on December 19, 2015 as the capital city's air quality was the worst for at least nine months this week

Iran is to close schools for two days in Tehran, an official said on Saturday, following air pollution three times the acceptable level that has blanketed the city in smog.

Air quality in Iran's capital was the worst for at least nine months this week, media said, and airborne particles from car emissions were at "seven times the standard level".

"All schools will be closed on Sunday in Tehran and in the... towns of Shahr-Rey and Islam-Shahr (both south of the capital)," said environment official Mohammad Hadi Heydarzadeh.

"If the pollution continues, schools will also be closed on Monday," he said on state television.

Traffic will be limited in the city centre and some factories will be closed, media reported.

The official IRNA news agency said that schools will also shut in Alborz province, west of Tehran.

Authorities have asked state employers to grant mothers time off to look after children who will be unable to go to school and urged the elderly, children and sick people to avoid going outdoors.

Emergency services have also been mobilised.

In December 2014, almost 400 people were hospitalised with heart and respiratory problems caused by heavy pollution in Tehran, with nearly 1,500 others requiring treatment.

The Air Quality Index on Monday showed an average reading of 162— a "red status" warning that the air is unhealthy for everyone, according to World Health Organization standards.

The Iranian capital Tehran engulfed in smog on December 19, 2015
The Iranian capital Tehran engulfed in smog on December 19, 2015

On Saturday it had dropped slightly to 148, still well above the normal healthy level of between zero and 50.

Peak pollution hit 180 in some areas of Tehran, where poor air is worsened due to high altitudes—between 1,100 and 1,700 metres (3,600-5,600 feet) above sea level—in a basin surrounded by mountains.

'We cannot breathe'

Visibility was low Saturday as a grey fog blanketed the capital, a megacity of an estimated 14 million people, and authorities said they expect pollution to worsen in the coming days.

Exhaust fumes from five million cars and almost as many motorcycles that ply Tehran's roads each day make up 80 percent of its pollution, which increases in winter as emissions fail to rise above cold air.

A general view taken from the west of Tehran shows the heavily-polluted skyline of the Iranian capital on December 14, 2015
A general view taken from the west of Tehran shows the heavily-polluted skyline of the Iranian capital on December 14, 2015

"We cannot breathe. My eyes are itchy and my head hurts," said a taxi driver who only gave his first name, Khosro.

"Traffic is getting worse each day, it is stifling. It is like there is a grey haze hanging over the city. We can't seen the mountains," he said referring to the snow-capped Alborz range that overlooks Tehran.

Iran's government has tried to cut pollution by supplying lower emission fuel in large cities, Masoumeh Ebtekar, a vice president responsible for environmental protection, said this week.

In 2012, contributed to the premature deaths of 4,500 people in Tehran and about 80,000 in the country, the health ministry said.

According to the office in charge of monitoring , the air in Tehran was "pure for only 219 days" during the past 16 years.

Explore further: Tehran governor orders shutdown over pollution

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gkam
1 / 5 (2) Dec 20, 2015
Oh, no! Our Capitalists are praying for those who lost profits in the shutdown of their polluting cars and industries.
EnviroEquipment_Com
not rated yet Dec 20, 2015
It's ironic that the three countries with the worst air pollution - Iran, India and China - have some of the lowest use of nuclear energy production per capita when, if for no other reason, doing so would drastically improve the choking air pollution problem in their countries. Tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of people in these countries die or suffer serious health conditions due to the air pollution so I can see how widespread use of nuclear reactors would be any worse than what these countries have now.
gkam
1 / 5 (2) Dec 20, 2015
How can nuclear power technology made to be safe? How can a poor nation afford it? Look at the difference between the costs of alternative power versus nukes.

Check out the cost of power from Hinckley, from Vogtle, and tell me it is a good idea, when we can get alternative energy for about a third of the cost, plus NO high-level radioactive materials, which require a Police State to guard.

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