Crystallography scientists celebrate 500 protein structures

November 6, 2014 by Mark Ferguson
Canadian Macromolecular Crystallography scientists: (back, l-r) Michel Fodje, Kathryn Janzen, Pawel Grochulski, (front, l-r) Shaun Labiuk and James Gorin designed, operate, maintain and develop the two CMCF beamlines used for crystallographic studies at the Canadian Light Source.

The Canadian Macromolecular Crystallography Facility (CMCF) has announced the successful solution of 500 protein structures using the Canadian Light Source. The 3-D structures of proteins can be determined using powerful synchrotron X-ray light, and these structure models are deposited in the Protein Data Bank – a worldwide repository describing and showcasing proteins and other biological macromolecules. Many of these structures have been critical to the publication of 286 peer-reviewed journal articles.

The first from the CLS was obtained in 2006 on the first CMCF beamline. In 2011, a second beamline was commissioned. Since then, the number of CMCF researchers has grown to about 75 principal investigators from across Canada along with their staff and students. Several scientists from the US, as well as important commercial clients, regularly use the facility, either in person or remotely.

The excellent quality of researchers that make use of the CMCF is highlighted in several influential works published in high-impact journals such as Nature, Science and Cell. Examples include an article that recently appeared in Science describing the structure of parkin, a that if mutated is responsible for some types of Parkinson's disease. Detailed knowledge of this structure provides a framework for enhancing healthy parkin activity therapeutically. An article exploring invasion of host cells by parasites that cause malaria also appeared in Science. Understanding the structural features of the critical proteins involved in such processes is key to the development of effective treatments.

A Nature article explored how the human body recognizes attacking viral RNA, while another made a determination of "hot spots" on ryanodine receptor proteins that, when abnormally mutated, are involved in cardiac disease. DNA methylation is intricately involved in cell development and affects everything from cell differentiation to the development of cancer. An article in Cell reported the mechanism by which specific proteins regulate DNA methylation and control target gene expression. Such studies give researchers detailed structural information critical to our understanding of life, disease processes and, ultimately our desire to improve the human condition.

This year marks another milestone because the Protein Data Bank has now surpassed 100,000 structure entries from human, animal, plant, bacterial and as well as nucleic acids. Over 90,000 of these structures are the result of crystallography experiments. The results from investigators using the CMCF represent a significant contribution to this important pool of knowledge that scientists use to better understand biology, environmental processes, human health, disease, and develop new pharmaceuticals.

Crystal structure showing the interaction between proteins involved in host cell invasion by parasites that cause malaria. Understanding the structural features of such proteins is critical in the development of effective treatments.

Explore further: Scientists use CLS to identify key protein in stopping viruses

More information: Trempe et al., Science 340(6139), 1451-1455;
Tonkin et al., Science 333(6041), 463-467;
Abbas et al., Nature 494(7435), 60-64;
Tung et al., Nature 468(7323), 585-588;
Xu et al., Cell 151(6), 1200-1213.

Related Stories

Protein secrets of Ebola virus

September 15, 2014

The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be critical in the development ...

Recommended for you

Isolation of Fe(IV) decamethylferrocene salts

August 29, 2016

(Phys.org)—Ferrocene is the model compound that students often learn when they are introduced to organometallic chemistry. It has an iron center that is coordinated to the π electrons in two cyclopentadienyl rings. (C5H5- ...

Bringing artificial enzymes closer to nature

August 29, 2016

Scientists at the University of Basel, ETH Zurich, and NCCR Molecular Systems Engineering have developed an artificial metalloenzyme that catalyses a reaction inside of cells without equivalent in nature. This could be a ...

New method developed for producing some metals

August 25, 2016

The MIT researchers were trying to develop a new battery, but it didn't work out that way. Instead, thanks to an unexpected finding in their lab tests, what they discovered was a whole new way of producing the metal antimony—and ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.