Smartphones as a health tool for older adults

August 1, 2014
Members of the UPC team involved in the project

A team of researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya · BarcelonaTech (UPC) and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) is creating a smartphone app that will help older adults to understand their state of health and develop healthier habits.

How can we promote an active lifestyle and encourage habits that improve our quality of life, particularly in ? To address the issue, a multidisciplinary team led by the researcher Miguel Àngel García, a member of the Electronic and Biomedical Instrumentation group and lecturer at the Department of Electronic Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya · BarcelonaTech (UPC), has harnessed the potential of mobile phones to measure physiological variables such as physical activity and . The data will be combined with results for other variables in a new smartphone app designed to provide physiological, cognitive and emotional information about its users, enabling them to take control of the situation and improve their general health.

Miguel Àngel García explains that, to achieve this, the group first has to "achieve a basic objective: to validate algorithms that can measure physiological and psychological variables obtained non-intrusively via mobile phones and through cognitive tests or questionnaires on eating habits". According to the researcher, the data for these variables are "indicators of health and well-being that can help to improve quality of life in older adults and could, in the future, be adapted to other age groups".

The end goal of the project, which will run for a period of two years, is to develop an attractive, user-friendly smartphone app capable of measuring the definitive set of indicators and suitable for users aged over 60.

Other participants in the project include the researchers Mireya Fernández and Juan Ramos, from the Department of Electronic Engineering at the UPC, and a team from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) led by Lluís Capdevila, coordinator of the consolidated research group in Lifestyle, Sport and Health.

Movement and location dataThe team of UPC researchers is currently working on the development, characterisation and validation of specialised software for measuring heart rate variability (HRV) and physical activity via , making use of sensors standard smartphones already contain. These include accelerometers, which detect a phone's movement, screen tilt and rotation and will be used by the app to measure physical activity, whether the phone is carried in the user's pocket, in a bag or in a holster.

The information will be combined with data from GPS sensors or nearby networks to confirm that the user is moving rather than simply handling the device, a combination that makes it possible to detect falls and pinpoint the user's location in the event of an emergency, leading to greater mobility and giving users of the technology a greater sense of independence and confidence in their physical well-being.

Measuring heartbeats from mobile phones

Using a smartphone's camera and flash, the app will also be able to analyse heart rate variability (HRV), via a highly precise, non-invasive technique that gauges the status of the autonomic nervous system and cardiorespiratory system. The system is particularly suitable for older adults, the age group at greatest risk of cardiovascular disease.

Other applications on the market already use smartphone cameras to measure or physical activity. One of the most common methods in current use is to record changes in pulse by placing a finger across the camera lens and illuminating it intensely with the flash. An alternative is to measure HRV in the user's forehead and record the results as a video.

The final app will incorporate these tools and other more sophisticated signal analysis techniques to measure HRV in real time, beat by beat, to assess whether a user's health is improving or deteriorating. The unique software, which will obtain and process data on multiple variables through a single integrated interface, will allow for comprehensive monitoring of the user's state of health.

Two prizes and one spin offT

he project is one of 26 selected for the 2014 RecerCaixa programme, which promotes excellence in scientific research and received 362 submissions for this year's edition. The team of scientists from the UPC and the UAB has a combined total of eight years' experience in the development of apps and mobile devices for measuring, processing and monitoring variables associated with healthy lifestyles. In 2013 they launched the spin-off Health&SportLab, which in the same year won the first Valortec prize, awarded by the Government of Catalonia's ACCIÓ agency.

A social network for a healthy lifestyle

Once the is available, users will be able to share their results and experiences online via the accompanying social network. Registered users will also receive confidential advice from experts and have access to 'wellness coaching' recommendations, a psychological support method that helps people to adopt lifestyles that prioritise physical and emotional health and well-being. The researchers hope to use the network to promote a healthy diet, and social interaction, the three mainstays of healthy ageing.

Explore further: Smartphones as mini medical labs is a smart idea

Related Stories

Smartphones as mini medical labs is a smart idea

December 5, 2012

(Medical Xpress)—Imagine your smartphone becoming a mobile medical laboratory that records and sends data for a range of research. That will soon be a reality thanks to the expertise and impatience of a University of Sydney ...

Measuring the quality and quantity of sleep at home

February 7, 2014

Difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking, poor quality of sleep and a variety of sleep-related breathing problems are very common – they afflict approximately a third of the population.

App for headache sufferers shows success

July 29, 2014

A unique app that helps headache sufferers to record the severity and regularity of their pain is being used as part of a Griffith research study.

Recommended for you

Apple issues update after cyber weapon captured

August 26, 2016

Apple iPhone owners on Friday were urged to install a quickly released security update after a sophisticated attack on an Emirati dissident exposed vulnerabilities targeted by cyber arms dealers.

Sponge creates steam using ambient sunlight

August 22, 2016

How do you boil water? Eschewing the traditional kettle and flame, MIT engineers have invented a bubble-wrapped, sponge-like device that soaks up natural sunlight and heats water to boiling temperatures, generating steam ...

Auto, aerospace industries warm to 3D printing

August 25, 2016

New 3D printing technology unveiled this week sharply increases the size of objects that can be produced, offering new possibilities to remake manufacturing in the auto, aerospace and other major industries.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.