Study to inform Maryland decision on "fracking"

August 20, 2014 by Audrey Hill

The Maryland Department of Environment and Department of Health and Mental Hygiene released on August 18, 2014, a report by the University of Maryland School of Public Health, which assesses the potential public health effects of allowing unconventional natural gas development and production (UNGDP), commonly known as "fracking" (a name derived from one part of the process), in western Maryland's Marcellus Shale region.

The School of Public Health's environmental and and environmental justice experts produced the report, with input from residents of Garrett and Allegany counties and a variety of other stakeholders. The report is a part of Governor O'Malley's Marcellus Shale Safe Drilling Initiative, designed to "assist State policymakers and regulators in determining whether and how gas production from the Marcellus shale in Maryland can be accomplished without unacceptable risks of adverse impacts to , safety, the environment and natural resources."

The UMD research team ranked various UNGDP-associated hazards based on the likelihood (high, moderately high, or low) that each could have a negative impact on public health. The 203-page report contains 52 specific recommendations for how to prevent or mitigate health impacts, if fracking is allowed in Maryland. It includes recommendations for health surveillance to verify the effectiveness of preventive measures, disclosure of all chemicals used in UNGDP, and legislation and regulations to empower surface owners and impacted communities to control their local environment.

Explore further: First risk assessment of shale gas fracking to biodiversity

More information: The full report "Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland" is available online:

Related Stories

First risk assessment of shale gas fracking to biodiversity

June 17, 2013

Fracking, the controversial method of mining shale gas, is widespread across Pennsylvania, covering up to 280,000 km² of the Appalachian Basin. New research in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences explores the ...

EU issues framework for shale gas exploitation

January 22, 2014

The European Commission issued Wednesday recommendations to ensure that clear environmental safeguards are in place when the controversial technique of "fracking" is used to tap shale gas reserves.

Book offers simplified guide to shale gas extraction

April 17, 2014

The new book, "Science Beneath the Surface: A Very Short Guide to the Marcellus Shale," attempts to offer a reader-friendly, unbiased, scientific guide needed to make well-informed decisions regarding energy use and, more ...

Recommended for you


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.