Satellite data measures Nile water for region security

Jul 22, 2014 by Carys Garland
Credit: Map by Britannica Online for Kids.

War and other social and economic problems could be prevented in north-eastern Africa now that the total water storage of the Nile Basin can be measured, according to a WA professor.

Curtin University Department of Spatial Sciences' Joseph Awange says being able to measure the total of the Nile Basin is significant for the that drain water from it because they may be in jeopardy of dishonouring the Nile Waters Agreement.

"If you look at it from water decision issues, the Nile is really a significant water body in the and Egypt has threatened to go to war several times in case the upper countries overuse the water," Associate Professor Awange says.

"When I say upper countries I mean countries where the Nile begins like Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia."

A/Prof Awange says countries draining water from the Nile can now make better informed decisions about how much water to take and what to use it for.

"If war was to erupt in the region, certainly it would be because of the Nile water resources," he says.

A/Prof Awange and other researchers collected between the years 2002 and 2011.

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, flowing through north-eastern Africa for about 6,650km. Credit: W

The group used data from the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission, which detects spatio-temporal variations of the earth's gravity field.

However, use of this satellite data to determine the total storage (TWS) of the Nile is difficult because stronger signals over the Lake Victoria Basin and the Red Sea obscure those from smaller sub-basins.

To overcome this problem, the study used an advanced mathematical technique called Independent Component Analysis to extract independent TWS patterns in sub-basins from GRACE and the Global Land Data Assimilation System.

A/Prof Awange says it is physically impossible to measure TWS of the entire basin with conventional measurement techniques.

He says the study also has economic implications because many of the fish eaten in Europe—like Nile Perch—come from the Lake Victoria region of the Nile.

He hopes more studies of similar nature will be carried out in the region, allowing for further understanding about the effects of climate change on the Nile Basin.

"The longer period of data we have, the more it will enable us to look at climatological analysis in the region," he says.

A/Prof Awange says an improved version of GRACE will be released in 2017 and will bring more precise data measures.

Explore further: Pact with devil? California farmers use oil firms' water

Related Stories

Egypt says Ethiopia dam mustn't reduce Nile's flow

Jun 03, 2013

President Mohamed Morsi Monday warned that Egypt would not allow its share of the Nile to be diminished by "one drop" after Ethiopia began diverting the Blue Nile as part of a giant dam project.

Egypt, Ethiopia in further talks over Nile dam

Jun 18, 2013

Ethiopia and Egypt have agreed to hold further talks on the impact of an Ethiopian dam to quell tensions between the two countries, the foreign ministers of both nations said Tuesday.

Recommended for you

Gimmicks and technology: California learns to save water

Jul 03, 2015

Billboards and TV commercials, living room visits, guess-your-water-use booths, and awards for water stinginess—a wealthy swath of Orange County that once had one of the worst records for water conservation ...

Cities, regions call for 'robust' world climate pact

Jul 03, 2015

Thousands of cities, provinces and states from around the world urged national governments on Thursday to deliver a "robust, binding, equitable and universal" planet-saving climate pact in December.

Will climate change put mussels off the menu?

Jul 03, 2015

Climate change models predict that sea temperatures will rise significantly, including in the tropics. In these areas, rainfall is also predicted to increase, reducing the salt concentration of the surface ...

As nations dither, cities pick up climate slack

Jul 02, 2015

Their national governments hamstrung by domestic politics, stretched budgets and diplomatic inertia, many cities and provinces have taken a leading role—driven by necessity—in efforts to arrest galloping ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.