Mangroves prove favoured hangout for young rays

Jun 23, 2014 by Rebecca Graham
Dr Cerutti-Pereyra recommends increasing the geographic area of monitoring across Ningaloo Reef to thoroughly study the ray’s movement patterns. Credit: Steve Dunleavy

Mangrove forests within the coastal lagoon of Mangrove Bay in Ningaloo Reef appear to be a key habitat for tropical rays during their vulnerable juvenile life-stage, a collaborative research project between Australian universities has found.

The study, led by Charles Darwin University expert Dr Florencia Cerutti-Pereyra sought to identify potential areas within Mangrove Bay, one of the northern-most sanctuary zones in the Ningaloo Marine Park off the Gascoyne, which tropical rays use as nursery areas.

"Many species of sharks and rays are known to use shallow bays as grounds where they give birth and their pups can grow," she says.

"Because of the world-wide fishing impacts on rays, and the fact that they can aggregate in large numbers in a very vulnerable stage of their life, identifying such areas is quite important for their protection and management."

Fifty-one acoustic telemetry receivers were deployed across the muddy lagoon neighbouring the mangrove forest (2m depth), in channels from the lagoon to the reef crest (10-15m depth) and in the open shelf (40m depth).

The researchers then spent 21 months analysing the movement and residency patterns of 16 juvenile rays from four different species tagged in 2008.

They found the shallow muddy lagoon habitat alongside the mangrove forest had the highest activity across all four species of juvenile rays over both study years¬—indicative of a nursery area.

"However, despite the concentration of activity here, juvenile rays do move through a larger area that goes beyond the sanctuary and beyond protected zones," Dr Cerutti-Pereyra says.

"This indicates that can potentially be key ecosystems for the development of tropical rays.

"Although the Mangrove Bay Sanctuary Zone does protect core areas of activity of juvenile rays, it fails to protect a larger range of their habitat.

"These results suggest that spatially-fixed management measures such as marine protected areas can protect key habitats and, in this case, core areas of activity of a vulnerable life-stage of rays, but may not be suitable for large marine animals which may have broader movement patterns."

Dr Cerutti-Pereyra recommends increasing the geographic area of monitoring across Ningaloo Reef to thoroughly study the ray's movement patterns.

She suggests overlapping this data with the marine park's boundaries to assess how effective the sanctuaries and protected zones are for the populations of tropical rays. 

"Also using population genetics to study populations of these species across the park…[would provide] information on a longer time-scale, which may show if these populations that we see as 'isolated' actually overlap their ranges."

Explore further: Indonesia declares largest manta ray sanctuary in the world

More information: "Restricted movements of juvenile rays in the lagoon of Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia – evidence for the existence of a nursery." F. Cerutti-Pereyra, M. Thums, C. M. Austin, C. J. A. Bradshaw, J. D. Stevens, R. C. Babcock, R. D. Pillans, M. G. Meekan Environmental Biology of Fishes. April 2014, Volume 97, Issue 4, pp 371-383.… %2Fs10641-013-0158-y

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Some Ningaloo Reef fish are 'homebodies'

Jun 18, 2009

New research shows that some fish species in Western Australia's Ningaloo Marine Park spend most of their time close to home, staying on the reef rather than travelling significant distances, as was previously thought.

Diving into biodiversity

Mar 27, 2014

Victoria Erb stood in the back of the boat with her classmates and watched three sharks cut through the crystal clear water of Belize's Great Blue Hole.

Antibiotics from mangroves

Apr 25, 2014

Researchers at the Universiti Teknologi MARA in Malaysia have conducted a study on the mangrove ecosystem to search for actinomycetes bacteria. The mangrove ecosystem is known as a highly productive habitat ...

Recommended for you

Salish Sea seagull populations halved since 1980s

10 hours ago

The number of seagulls in the Strait of Georgia is down by 50 per cent from the 1980s and University of British Columbia researchers say the decline reflects changes in the availability of food.

Banksias differ on resilience to climate change

12 hours ago

Research into the germination requirements of four Banksia species (Proteaceae) endemic to the South West Australian Floristic Region (SWAFR) has found certain species may be more vulnerable to climate change ...

China bans ivory carving imports for one year

18 hours ago

Beijing has imposed a one-year ban on the import of ivory carvings, amid international criticism that rapidly-growing Chinese demand could push wild African elephants to extinction within a generation.

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.