US law has helped limit 'conflict minerals', study says

Jun 10, 2014

A US law, and efforts by technology firms, have helped limit the use of "conflict minerals" from Africa for consumer electronics, according to a report released Tuesday.

The report by the Enough Project activist group said that armed groups responsible for atrocities in the Democratic Republic of Congo and surrounding areas have now ceded control of two-thirds of mines in the region producing tantalum, tin, and tungsten.

"Our research found that electronics companies are expanding their responsible minerals sourcing from Congo, and Congolese miners are now able to earn 40 percent more from those mines," said Sasha Lezhnev of the Enough Project.

Lezhnev said mines formerly controlled by warlords "are now part of peaceful supply chains.

The report said that as a result of these efforts it is "much less economically viable for armed groups and Congo's army" to profit from these minerals.

But the researchers said that more efforts are needed "to address conflict gold and close loopholes on the other minerals" which can be used by armed factions.

The report credits market changes spurred by the 2010 Dodd-Frank law on conflict minerals, which required many US firms to audit and report the use of these minerals.

According to Enough Project, these minerals were previously generating an estimated $185 million per year for armed groups and the army.

The report said the Dodd-Frank law and electronics industry audits have created a "two-tier market" for the "3T" minerals—tin, tantalum, and tungsten—which means that minerals that do not go through conflict-free programs now sell for 30 to 60 percent less.

"As businesses begin to comply with Dodd-Frank, they are requiring suppliers to conduct conflict-free audits and trace the sources of their minerals much more carefully," the report said.

"This has shrunk markets for untraceable conflict minerals. Minerals that are not from verified conflict-free 3T mines sell for less than conflict-free minerals."

The report pointed out that Apple has certified its supply of tantalum—a key mineral for mobile electronics—as conflict-free and that Intel "is producing the world's first fully conflict-free product that contains clean Congolese minerals."

The noted that a handful of companies such as Intel, Hewlett-Packard, Apple, and around a dozen others led industry efforts before the passage of the law, setting up auditing systems to weed out conflict minerals from their supply chains, but that the Dodd-Frank helped hundreds of others reduce or eliminate the use of .

Explore further: Intel says its processors are now 'conflict-free'

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Intel says its processors are now 'conflict-free'

Jan 07, 2014

Intel Corp., the world's largest maker of computer processors, says its processors are now free of minerals from mines held by armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Intel, Apple praised for clean mineral efforts

Aug 16, 2012

(AP) — Apple, Hewlett-Packard and Intel have become "pioneers of progress" through their efforts to avoid purchasing minerals that fund armed groups in Central Africa, an advocacy group said Thursday.

Conflict minerals disclosure would hurt stock value

Aug 21, 2012

(Phys.org) -- Proposed federal rules that would require companies to disclose their use of “conflict minerals” — those mined in the Republic of Congo and neighboring countries and linked to armed conflict and ...

Gadget makers forced to look at links to Congo war

Jul 24, 2010

(AP) -- Does that smart phone in your pocket contribute to rape and murder in the depths of Africa? Soon, you'll know: A new U.S. law requires companies to certify whether their products contain minerals from rebel-controlled ...

Recommended for you

NASA catches a weaker Edouard, headed toward Azores

9 hours ago

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Atlantic Ocean and captured a picture of Tropical Storm Edouard as it continues to weaken. The National Hurricane Center expects Edouard to affect the western Azores ...

Tree rings and arroyos

Sep 18, 2014

A new GSA Bulletin study uses tree rings to document arroyo evolution along the lower Rio Puerco and Chaco Wash in northern New Mexico, USA. By determining burial dates in tree rings from salt cedar and wi ...

User comments : 0