New material that prevents plastic from ageing offers huge environmental, cost savings for energy industry

May 29, 2014
Dr Sam Lau holding up a plastic membrane that has received a Hollywood makeover.

When applied to plastic lining this new technology for plastic can clean up exhaust gases from power plants much more effectively than existing methods.

Currently, the techniques industry use to separate out raw materials such as gases, liquids and solids are extremely energy-intensive, accounting for 40 per cent of the world's energy use each year.

According to lead author Dr Sam Lau, the new technique offers a solution that will make the separation process a staggering 50 times faster.

"At the moment power generators rely on plastic linings made up of tiny holes just one nanometre wide, a tiny fraction of a width of a human hair," he said.

"For decades scientists have been trying to improve the efficiency of this process by using plastics with larger holes. However, these larger openings tend to age very quickly and collapse within a matter of days.

"What we've done is make use of incredible compact materials known as Metallic Organic Frameworks – or MOFs – which have the surface area of a football field in just one gram.

"We found that the density of the MOFs acts like a Hollywood makeover and actually freezes the larger holey structures in place for an entire year."

This suddenly makes the lining with larger holes a viable option for industry, allowing them to complete separation processes at 50 times the speed.

"This is a much more environmentally friendly approach and of course translates into huge cost and efficiency savings for the companies who take this up," Dr Lau said.

According to Dr Lau, not only does the technique have incredible potential for cleaning up exhaust gases from , it could also be used to enhance the purity of natural gas streams, the separation of water from alcohols (a key process in biofuel synthesis) and for dye removal in the textile industry.

"We're extremely excited by this discovery and hope to see it being applied commercially within one to two years," he said.

This research was published in the international scientific journal Angewandte Chemie.

Explore further: Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

More information: Lau, C. H., Nguyen, P. T., Hill, M. R., Thornton, A. W., Konstas, K., Doherty, C. M., Mulder, R. J., Bourgeois, L., Liu, A. C. Y., Sprouster, D. J., Sullivan, J. P., Bastow, T. J., Hill, A. J., Gin, D. L. and Noble, R. D. (2014), "Ending Aging in Super Glassy Polymer Membranes." Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 53: 5322–5326. doi: 10.1002/anie.201402234

Related Stories

Additive stops aging in super glassy polymer membranes

April 30, 2014

(Phys.org) —Putting a stop to aging has now been made possible for highly porous polymer membranes whose efficiency in the separation of gases falls off fast when parts of their polymer chains rearrange, as so do their ...

Mastering chemical recipes to make new materials

May 9, 2014

Mircea Dincă playfully describes his very serious work making new materials in MIT's Department of Chemistry much like being a kid mixing and matching Legos. A self-described molecular engineer, Dincă assembles new materials ...

Recommended for you

Chemists solve major piece of cellular mystery

August 27, 2015

Not just anything is allowed to enter the nucleus, the heart of eukaryotic cells where, among other things, genetic information is stored. A double membrane, called the nuclear envelope, serves as a wall, protecting the contents ...

Study reveals how nanochannels select potassium ions

August 25, 2015

(Phys.org)—One of the mysteries in biology is how cells can selectively diffuse potassium across a membrane. Biological systems rely on a delicate balance between these potassium and sodium ion concentrations in the surrounding ...

Unusual use of blue pigment found in ancient mummy portraits

August 26, 2015

Mostly untouched for 100 years, 15 Roman-era Egyptian mummy portraits and panel paintings were literally dusted off by scientists and art conservators from Northwestern University and the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.