Camera system aids cancer clinical trial (w/ Video)

April 18, 2014 by Anne Ju

With a new, commercially available camera system using Cornell-developed nanoparticles that make cancer cells glow, the way is lit for surgeons diagnosing and removing tumors.

With researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), Uli Wiesner, the Spencer T. Olin Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and inventor of the fluorescent "C dots" (Cornell Dots), has integrated his lab's nanoparticle technology with an optical camera made by Quest Medical Imaging. In real time, the camera gives surgeons a clear view of cancer in the body.

Called the Artemis Fluorescence Camera System, it is now being used in a second C dots clinical trial at MSKCC recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The trial involves melanoma patients with lesions in the head and neck region, Wiesner said.

The first trial was essentially a safety trial, in which radiologists injected C dots into melanoma patients to see whether the dots are safe and where they would go. But now, for the first time, they will use the C dots in conjunction with the Artemis system to image nodal disease in melanoma patients. MSKCC is the first U.S. hospital to bring the optical Artemis camera system into the operating room.

"This is extremely exciting, because in general it is the first time an optical inorganic nanoparticle probe will be used in a surgery room in conjunction with an optical camera to help surgeons identify nodal disease during surgery," Wiesner said. "This is what we have worked toward all these years, and it will finally happen."

This video is not supported by your browser at this time.

For the trial, they will first inject the C dots around the primary lesion in the head and neck; using the Artemis camera, they will observe how the C dots are taken up by the lymphatic system and end up in the lymph nodes adjacent to the tumor. If those nodes contain , the C dots should stick to them and glow. If the nodes are cancer-free, the C dots will not stick, and the fluorescence will be transient.

For several years, Wiesner has worked with collaborators at MSKCC to optimize the Artemis system toward the optical characteristics of the C dots, which Wiesner's group first published about a decade ago. Specifically he worked with radiologist Dr. Michelle Bradbury, who played a central role in getting the C dots into patients and the camera optimized for surgical use, and Dr. Snehal Patel, a surgeon who works on head and neck lesions.

Wiesner connected with Quest Medical Imaging during a trip to Hungary years ago when he was giving a talk on bioimaging. At the conference, he discovered that Quest researchers had a and were looking for a probe, and Wiesner had the opposite problem – a probe, but no camera.

"The match was perfect," he said.

Explore further: Glowing 'Cornell dots' can show surgeons where tumors are

Related Stories

Researchers use earthworms to create quantum dots

December 28, 2012

(Phys.org)—British researchers at King's College in London have succeeded in creating quantum dots by feeding earthworms soil laced with certain metals and then collecting the material excreted. They describe their research ...

Recommended for you

For 2-D boron, it's all about that base

September 2, 2015

Rice University scientists have theoretically determined that the properties of atom-thick sheets of boron depend on where those atoms land.

An engineered surface unsticks sticky water droplets

August 31, 2015

The leaves of the lotus flower, and other natural surfaces that repel water and dirt, have been the model for many types of engineered liquid-repelling surfaces. As slippery as these surfaces are, however, tiny water droplets ...

Electrical circuit made of gel can repair itself

August 25, 2015

(Phys.org)—Scientists have fabricated a flexible electrical circuit that, when cut into two pieces, can repair itself and fully restore its original conductivity. The circuit is made of a new gel that possesses a combination ...

Scientists grow high-quality graphene from tea tree extract

August 21, 2015

(Phys.org)—Graphene has been grown from materials as diverse as plastic, cockroaches, Girl Scout cookies, and dog feces, and can theoretically be grown from any carbon source. However, scientists are still looking for a ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.