New magnetic materials for extracting energy from tides

March 26, 2014

The objective of the MAGNETIDE project is to develop a new type of generator that transforms the mechanical energy produced by the movement of the tides into electric energy. Researchers have modified the generator's design so that components manufactured using PIM, Powder Injection Moulding, could be installed. This would reduce the cost of these systems as well as increasing their efficiency by up to 30 percent , according to the scientists' calculations.

"These generators use magnetic components that we are producing using PIM , which turns out to be more versatile when it comes to modifying the compositions and makes it possible to get the parts for a lower price," explains the researcher who is coordinating UC3M's participation in this project, the tenured professor José Manuel Torralba, of the university's Powder Technology Research Group (Grupo de Tecnología de Polvos -GTP).

Powder injection moulding is proving to be a real alternative in the manufacture of complex parts with a high rate of production. This is confirmed by a paper that these researchers recently published in the "International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties", in which they describe the different stages in the manufacturing process and the solutions that it has provided with respect to the Powder Technology Group.

Powder Injection Moulding is an advanced powder metallurgy technology that combines the advantages of plastic injection moulding and powder technology. It is similar to making bread in an oven but, rather than flour, it uses alloys of metallic powders that "bake" in moulds and produce milimetrically exact parts. In this case, the scientists are studying the best combination of metallic powders with a magnetic character (iron, silicon, cobalt, nickel…) in order to later inject them into a polymer plastic mould that will allow them to create complex parts that are difficult and expensive to produce mechanically. "The great advantage of this technology is that once you design the material, by modifying the mould, it is easy to manufacture millions of pieces that are exactly the same, in a manner that is simple, fast and quite inexpensive", explains Torralba.

The project will be finished next year, which is when the scientists expect to have the first prototypes of generators made with this technology ready. These devices, which could also be used for wind and other alternative energy source generators, could be put into use in areas where there are strong tidal currents, such as the west coast of Canada, Southeast Asia and Australia, the Bosporus and, in the case of Spain, the Strait of Gibraltar.

Explore further: Novel, low-cost metal-forming process using a magnetic field

More information: "Powder Injection Moulding: Processing of small parts of complex shape." Torralba, J.M.; Hidalgo, J.; Jimenez-Morales, A. International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, Volume: 8. Number: 1-2. Pages: 87-96. Publication date: 2013

Related Stories

Producing hydrogen from water with carbon / charcoal powder

August 28, 2013

In the latest advance in efforts to find an inexpensive way to make hydrogen from ordinary water—one of the keys to the much-discussed "hydrogen economy"—scientists are reporting that powder from high-grade charcoal and ...

Titanium powder used to 3D print automotive parts

December 10, 2013

( —To date, the 3D printing revolution has focused on the use of plastics – cheap printers' feedstock and high throughput. Until now 3D printing with metal has been prohibitively expensive because of the cost ...

Recommended for you

Internet giants race to faster mobile news apps

October 4, 2015

US tech giants are turning to the news in their competition for mobile users, developing new, faster ways to deliver content, but the benefits for struggling media outlets remain unclear.

Radio frequency 'harvesting' tech unveiled in UK

September 30, 2015

An energy harvesting technology that its developers say will be able to turn ambient radio frequency waves into usable electricity to charge low power devices was unveiled in London on Wednesday.

Professors say US has fallen behind on offshore wind power

September 29, 2015

University of Delaware faculty from the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment (CEOE), the College of Engineering and the Alfred Lerner School of Business and Economics say that the U.S. has fallen behind in offshore wind ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.