Systematic shifts in subducting slab behavior with depth

Feb 14, 2014

When tectonic plates collide, the less buoyant plate will, in some cases, be forced beneath the other. At such subduction zones the sinking tectonic plate, known as a slab, does not follow a simple path from the surface to the deeper mantle. Instead, new research by Fukao and Obayashi suggests that subducting slabs pass through four largely distinct stages as they penetrate toward the core. To systematically catalog the stages of slab subduction, the authors analyzed roughly 10 million observations of the subsurface that were part of a tomographic study that used primary seismic waves to detect the structure of slabs in subduction zones around the Pacific.

The authors find that for a given subduction zone, subducting slab properties vary progressively along the subduction arc. Slab dynamics are broken down into four major stages with differing behavior organized around a discontinuity centered at a depth of 660 kilometers (410 miles) —the barrier between the upper and lower mantle. In some depth range down to around 660 kilometers many slabs get stuck and are temporarily prevented from penetrating deeper.

Some slabs in this stuck zone, however, penetrate right through the 660-kilometer-deep discontinuity, moving at a steep angle. From a depth of 660 to 1000 kilometers (410 to 621 miles) the slabs often get stuck once more. Some slabs make it farther down, below 1000 kilometers, where the slab is free to sink into the lower mantle.

The authors suggest that the lower stuck zone, from a depth of 660 to 1000 kilometers, serves as an important stable reservoir of slab material and may play a unique role in mantle convection processes.

Explore further: Is there an ocean beneath our feet?

More information: Subducted slabs stagnant above, penetrating through, and trapped below the 660-km discontinuity, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010466 , 2013

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Is there an ocean beneath our feet?

Jan 27, 2014

(Phys.org) —Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown that deep sea fault zones could transport much larger amounts of water from the Earth's oceans to the upper mantle than previously thought.

Recommended for you

NASA sees last vestiges of Tropical Depression Jack

1 hour ago

Tropical Cyclone Jack had weakened to a tropical depression when NASA and JAXA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite passed above on April 22, 2014 at 1120 UTC/7:20 a.m. EDT.

New discovery helps solve mystery source of African lava

4 hours ago

Floods of molten lava may sound like the stuff of apocalyptic theorists, but history is littered with evidence of such past events where vast lava outpourings originating deep in the Earth accompany the breakup ...

Climate change likely to make Everest even riskier

5 hours ago

Climbing to the roof of the world is becoming less predictable and possibly more dangerous, scientists say, as climate change brings warmer temperatures that may eat through the ice and snow on Mount Everest.

NASA gets two last looks at Tropical Cyclone Jack

Apr 22, 2014

Tropical Cyclone Jack lost its credentials today, April 22, as it no longer qualified as a tropical cyclone. However, before it weakened, NASA's TRMM satellite took a "second look" at the storm yesterday.

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

StillWind
1 / 5 (2) Feb 15, 2014
Please explain how the less dense crustal material is able to penetrate the more dense mantle.
Captain Stumpy
5 / 5 (1) Mar 04, 2014
Please explain how the less dense crustal material is able to penetrate the more dense mantle.

@still
if you cant read the study linked above, perhaps this will help

http://www.tim-th...ion.html

mind you, Tim Thompson is a physicist formerly of JPL and there may be better material out there written by a Geologist, however, this should suffice for your inquiry above

you can also Google geology and subduction and read stuff like that for yourself...
Maggnus
5 / 5 (1) Mar 05, 2014
Please explain how the less dense crustal material is able to penetrate the more dense mantle.
Can you say "loaded question"?

More news stories