Researchers collaborate to save the Tasmanian devil

Feb 26, 2014 by Verity Leatherdale
Researchers collaborate to save the Tasmanian devil
San Diego Zoo Global is funding conservation geneticist Catherine Grueber to help save the Tasmanian devil.

An American zoo is partnering with an Australian university to save the Tasmanian devil in the wild.

San Diego Zoo Global and the University of Sydney are collaborating to assist the endangered marsupial, through the reintroduction and management of a disease-free population. Tasmanian devils have become increasingly threatened in the wild by the spread of a fatal cancer.

"These populations will be managed in the best possible way to maintain the genetic diversity of the species," said Professor Kathy Belov, Faculty of Veterinary Science at the University of Sydney.

The Tasmanian devil faces extinction in the wild within 25 years because of Devil Facial Tumour Disease which has already wiped out 85 percent of Tasmanian devils since 1996.
"Ultimately the disease will wipe out devils in the wild but these newly created disease- free populations will be used to repopulate the wild once it is safe to do so."

An important part of the project will be the reintroduction of 50 devils to Maria Island, off the east coast of Tasmania. The group will be carefully managed, much as it would be in a zoo, by selecting disease-free individuals and preserving .

"The cancer is spread through physical contact of one Tasmanian devil with another and unfortunately no cure has been discovered," said Bob Wiese, Chief Life Sciences Officer for San Diego Zoo Global.

"By managing a genetically diverse population safe from the disease we hope to save the species."

The University of Sydney is well known for its leadership in the genetic sequencing of the devil and this expertise will be used to capture a snap-shot of genetic variation in the devils being bred in zoos and breeding facilities.

San Diego Zoo Global is contributing $500,000 to the project including funding the employment of conservation geneticist, Catherine Grueber, at the University.

San Diego Zoo Global has a long history of interest in Australian wildlife. It hosts the largest koala population outside of Australian zoos and it recently acquired Tasmanian devils.

The other institutions collaborating in the Devil Tools and Tech project are The Save the Tasmanian Devil Program and the Zoo and Aquarium Association Australasia.

"To save this species we are combining our expertise," Professor Belov said.

"To manage existing populations and to boost devil numbers we will be using all the available tools, from GPS tracking to microchipping and the latest genetic sequencing technology."

Explore further: Infected Tasmanian devils reveal how cancer cells evolve in response to humans

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Culling can't save the Tasmanian devil

Oct 04, 2011

Culling will not control the spread of facial tumour disease among Tasmanian devils, according to a new study published this week in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied Ecology. Unless a way ...

Australia's devils to get fresh start on new island

Nov 14, 2012

A group of Tasmanian devils will be transferred to a small Australian island to start what is hoped will be a self-sustaining population, free from the facial tumour that has devastated their species.

Recommended for you

'Killer sperm' prevents mating between worm species

2 hours ago

The classic definition of a biological species is the ability to breed within its group, and the inability to breed outside it. For instance, breeding a horse and a donkey may result in a live mule offspring, ...

Rare Sri Lankan leopards born in French zoo

6 hours ago

Two rare Sri Lankan leopard cubs have been born in a zoo in northern France, a boost for a sub-species that numbers only about 700 in the wild, the head of the facility said Tuesday.

Researcher reveals how amphibians crossed continents

8 hours ago

There are more than 7,000 known species of amphibians that can be found in nearly every type of ecosystem on six continents. But there have been few attempts to understand exactly when and how frogs, toads, ...

User comments : 0