Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery

January 9, 2014

(Phys.org) —Los Alamos researchers and collaborators from the University of Utah have created a generic integrated framework simulation to optimize carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration and enhance oil recovery (CO2-EOR) based on known parameter distributions for a depleted oil reservoir in Texas. CO2-EOR is a technique in use for over 40 years to produce oil from depleted reservoirs by injecting CO2 along with water. Because a large portion of the injected CO2 remains in place, CO2-EOR is an option for permanently sequestering CO2. The simulation provides an important approach to estimate the potential of storing CO2 in depleted oil fields while simultaneously maximizing oil production. The journal Environmental Science & Technology Letters published the research.

Significance of the research

CO2-EOR provides about 5 percent of the total U.S. current crude . Due to carbon capture and storage technology advances, prolonged high and the potential availability of large anthropogenic CO2 sources, CO2-EOR could expand in the next few decades. The technology uses water-alternating-with-gas cycles to control CO2 mobility and CO2 flood conformance and to tackle the clogging and scale issues in the depleted reservoir.

However, there are a few operational and technical issues to be resolved for CO2-EOR expansion to commercial scales: 1) uncertainty in characterizing CO2-water-oil systems in depleted reservoirs, 2) lack of robust guidelines for determining injection and production well distances, 3) difficulty in determining the time ratio for water alternating CO2 gas injection, and 4) difficulty in controlling the CO2 flood conformance and monitoring the flood performance. If the first three issues can be quantitatively evaluated and solved, the results will indirectly help solve the fourth issue of CO2 flood conformance and performance evaluation.

The LANL and University of Utah researchers developed a generic integrated framework simulation to optimize CO2 sequestration and enhance based on known parameter distributions for a depleted . The framework consists of a multi-phase reservoir simulator coupled with geologic and statistical models. The results from this study provide insights to understand the potential and uncertainty of commercial-scale CO2-EOR.

Research achievements

The team conducted an integrated simulation of CO2-water-oil flow and reactive transport, followed by a global sensitivity and response surface analysis. The source of CO2 used by the test came from a fertilizer plant in Borger, TX, and an ethanol plant in Liberal, KS. The results optimized the CO2-EOR process. The scientists found that the reservoir permeability, porosity, thickness, and depth are the major reservoir parameters that control net CO2 injection/storage and oil/gas recovery rates. The distance between injection and production wells and the sequence of alternating CO2 and water injection are the significant operational parameters to design a five-spot CO2-EOR pattern that efficiently produces oil while storing CO2.

Explore further: Report claims U.S. can curb carbon emissions while boosting domestic oil production

More information: "An Integrated Framework for Optimizing CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery." Zhenxue Dai, Richard Middleton, Hari Viswanathan, Julianna Fessenden-Rahn, Jacob Bauman, Rajesh Pawar, Si-Yong Lee, and Brian McPherson. Environmental Science & Technology Letters (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ez4001033

Related Stories

Effect of CO2 on the integrity of well cement examined

March 5, 2013

Geologic carbon storage is the separation and capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from large stationary sources, such as power plants, followed by injection into deep geologic formations. Long-term storage of CO2 pre-supposes ...

Harvesting electricity from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide

July 23, 2013

A new method for producing electricity from carbon dioxide could be the start of a classic trash-to-treasure story for the troublesome greenhouse gas, scientists are reporting. Described in an article in ACS' journal Environmental ...

Recommended for you

Don't forget plankton in climate change models, says study

November 26, 2015

A new study from the University of Exeter, published in the journal Ecology Letters, found that phytoplankton - microscopic water-borne plants - can rapidly evolve tolerance to elevated water temperatures. Globally, phytoplankton ...

Can Paris pledges avert severe climate change?

November 26, 2015

More than 190 countries are meeting in Paris next week to create a durable framework for addressing climate change and to implement a process to reduce greenhouse gases over time. A key part of this agreement would be the ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.