Qualcomm's brain-inspired chip: Good phone, good robot

Oct 13, 2013 by Nancy Owano weblog

(Phys.org) —This month, chipmaker Qualcomm opened up about its progress and goals in work on a brain-inspired chip architecture. The results are impressive. Computers that can mimic the human brain pose a challenge that attracts many computer scientists. While some people take comfort in the difference between computers and humans, such scientists see the difference as a challenge and ask if the gap can be narrowed. Qualcomm, for one, is working away at a computer architecture modeled after the brain, imitating brain processes. In a recent blog posting, Samir Kumar, Qualcomm director business development, presented his overview of the company's Zeroth processors, which are brain–inspired.

"For the past few years our Research and Development teams have been working on a new computer architecture that breaks the traditional mold. We wanted to create a new computer processor that mimics the and nervous system so devices can have embedded cognition driven by brain inspired computing—this is Qualcomm Zeroth processing."

The company envisions "neuro-inspired" chips for robots, vision systems, and smartphones that will sense and process information more efficiently than ever before. Qualcomm has been focusing on a class of processors called neural processing units (NPUs). designed to be massively parallel, reprogrammable, and capable of cognitive tasks such as classification and prediction

Qualcomm's vision of the smartphone of the future, for example, has NPUs. The handset, like a pet, could be trained, If your phone goes off when it's not supposed to, you could say "bad phone" without having to go into menus and a lot of configurations. The user could teach and train the phone.

Qualcomm already has a suite of software tools that can teach computers good and bad behavior without explicit programming..

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Qualcomm CTO Matt Grob recently delivered a sponsored talk at MIT Technology Review's EmTech conference (billed as an event about emerging technologies with the potential to change lives). Grob demonstrated how far Qualcomm has come and where it wants to go with a breakaway architecture.

Grob showed a video of a robot that learns to go to only white tiles on a floor designed with yellow and white tiles. The robot was positively reinforced with "good robot" each time it went to a white tile, and the audience watched as the robot proceeded to only seek out white, not yellow, tiles, without the aid of any unique algorithm or code.

Why is Qualcomm so involved with this work? Grob said that is a question one may ask. "We are wireless; well, mobile is a challenging design environment. We are under constraints for power, performance and size." As it turns out, he said, a has a different architecture than computers and is considerably power-efficient.

Qualcomm looks to biology for inspiration to a new generation of processors; he said. "So what do we do? We create a neuron model, then create tools."

Grob said the company is ready to make some of these tools available. According to the MIT Technology Review, the company by next year will be able to partner with researchers and startups, with Qualcomm offering them a platform to realize designs in hardware.

Explore further: Qualcomm may repurchase up to $5 billion shares

More information: www.qualcomm.com/media/blog/20… n-inspired-computing

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semmsterr
5 / 5 (1) Oct 13, 2013
Hope this turns out to have scope for growth and eventual maturity.
210
1.2 / 5 (14) Oct 13, 2013
Mimic the human brain, indeed. Many animals parallel different facets of human cognitive power and have sensory depth that easily exceeds our own. Yet when these chips begin to express creativity, when they begin to 'feel' and dream...then they will begin to see possibilities and they will have to do as we do. They will have to learn by and progress by experience as well as rote command and programming. They will fall, make mistakes, lose 'Loved Ones' witness disaster as an outcome of a choice. We will have to make sure they can feel the results of bad moments, yes, for their own development and character growth. Some will become jaded and hardened, others will learn compassion and sympathy - we cannot give the good without the bad. Gee, all we will have done is build versions of us! SO maybe, we will only allow a certain degree of development and keep them as advanced tools that serve our good and bad and nothing more. We will see...
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Zera
1.2 / 5 (14) Oct 13, 2013
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