Youth more likely to be bullied at schools with anti-bullying programs, researcher finds

Sep 12, 2013

Anti-bullying initiatives have become standard at schools across the country, but a new UT Arlington study finds that students attending those schools may be more likely to be a victim of bullying than children at schools without such programs.

The findings run counter to the common perception that can help protect kids from repeated or physical and emotional attacks.

"One possible reason for this is that the students who are victimizing their peers have learned the language from these anti-bullying campaigns and programs," said Seokjin Jeong, an assistant professor of criminology and criminal justice at UT Arlington and lead author of the study, which was published in the Journal of Criminology.

"The schools with interventions say, 'You shouldn't do this,' or 'you shouldn't do that.' But through the programs, the students become highly exposed to what a bully is and they know what to do or say when questioned by parents or teachers," Jeong said.

The study suggested that future direction should focus on more sophisticated strategies rather than just implementation of bullying prevention programs along with measures such as guards, bag and locker searches or metal detectors. Furthermore, given that bullying is a relationship problem, researchers need to better identify the bully-victim dynamics in order to develop accordingly, Jeong said.

Communities across various race, ethnicity, religion and socio-economic classes can benefit from such important, relevant Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice research, said Beth Wright, dean of the UT Arlington College of Liberal Arts.

"This important discovery will result in improvements in health, in learning, and in relationships, with unlimited positive impact," Wright said.

A growing body of research shows that students who are exposed to physical or emotional bullying experience a significantly increased risk of anxiety, depression, confusion, lowered self-esteem and suicide. In addition to school environmental factors, researchers wanted to know what individual-level factors played a key role in students who are bullied by peers in school.

For their study, Jeong and his co-author, Byung Hyun Lee, a doctoral student in criminology at Michigan State University, analyzed data from the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children 2005-2006 U.S. study. The HBSC study has been conducted every four years since 1985 and is sponsored by the World Health Organization. The sample consisted of 7,001 students, ages 12 to 18, from 195 different schools.

The data preceded the highly publicized, 2010 "It Gets Better" campaign founded by syndicated columnist and author Dan Savage and popularized by YouTube videos featuring anti-bullying testimonials from prominent advocates.

The UT Arlington team found that older students were less likely to be victims of bullying than younger students, with serious problems of bullying occurring among sixth-, seventh- and eighth-graders. The most pervasive bullying occurred at the high school level.

Boys were more likely than girls to be victims of physical bullying, but girls were more likely to be victims of emotional bullying. A lack of involvement and support from parents and teachers was likely to increase the risk of bullying victimization. These findings are all consistent with prior studies.

Notably, researchers found that race or ethnicity was not a factor in whether were bullied.

Explore further: Power struggles, doubt all found in the Facebook of Egypt's revolution

More information: www.hindawi.com/journals/jcrim/2013/735397/

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Scholar tracks the changing world of gay sexuality

2 hours ago

With same-sex marriage now legalized in 19 states and laws making it impossible to ban homosexuals from serving in the military, gay, lesbian and bisexual people are now enjoying more freedoms and rights than ever before.

User comments : 6

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

orti
1.3 / 5 (14) Sep 12, 2013
Sounds similar to the results for sex education. Amazing how leftist ideology works in practice.
Kiwini
1.2 / 5 (17) Sep 12, 2013
Sounds similar to the results for sex education. Amazing how leftist ideology works in practice.

Yup... the same concept also applies to so-called "gun-free zones".
Ferky
1.3 / 5 (13) Sep 13, 2013
I guess now we need an anti-(anti-bullying program-induced bullying) program.
ricardocarlos_castro_7
1 / 5 (1) Sep 14, 2013
It's sad to say that even an anti-bullying program isn't enough to end bullying in school ,despite of the full effort of the schools in protecting their students; it seems that these efforts are not enough in keeping them from harm. Children are the most vulnerable in terms of incapability on protecting themselves from any danger, keeping them safe is the effective thing to do. The school should always take some action on ensuring its students safety, as well as parents they must take part of this situation, the problem is parents tend to forget this vital thing, due to unable to manage their time; they're not always there to protect their children. The effective solution is to find a way of protecting them even your not around. Finding some safety applications on your child's phone is crucial, I recommend this safety application, I found that aid parents who are always busy, it has great features that help you and your child to keep safe 24/7. Check this site out for information.
kochevnik
1.8 / 5 (5) Sep 14, 2013
Conservatism IS bullying
barakn
not rated yet Sep 15, 2013
Sounds similar to the results for sex education. Amazing how leftist ideology works in practice.

You must be referring to some other planet. Comprehensive sex ed is far superior to no sex ed at all or to abstinence-only sex "ed." http://www.advoca...ask=view