When recycling equates with quality raw materials

Sep 09, 2013 by Alexander Hellemans
When recycling equates with quality raw materials
Credit: Kheng Cheng TOH

Recycled materials are often of lower quality than the materials from which they were derived. Now the cradle-to-cradle recycling concept has been applied to carpets to deliver high-quality recycled material.

Twenty five years ago, the German chemist Michael Braungart developed a new approach to , now called "Cradle to Cradle" or "C2C" after the book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, which he and the American architect William McDonough published in 2002. Their basic idea is that the recycling process should start with the initial design of products. "We are trying to make sure that the materials that are used for a product can be used again after the product has finished its useful life," says Wolfgang Schönknecht, a researcher at Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency (EPEA), based in Hamburg, Germany.

The EPEA, founded by Braungart in 1987, assists industry in the development of C2C compliant products. "We are looking for products that maintain their quality when recycled, rather than what we call the process of 'downcycling'," he explains. We are designing for the disassembly of the product parts that can then enter recycling processes and retain the quality of the original materials.

Carpets have proven to be one of the suitable C2C candidates. Europe produces about 400,000 tonnes of carpets per year, according to Desso, a carpet manufacturer based in Waalwijk, the Netherlands. Almost all of the used carpets end up in , or are incinerated. The company succeeded in developing C2C technology to produce and recycle carpets that are C2C compliant. "We developed the technology, and we started recycling locally, in Waalwijk and surroundings," says Rudi Daelmans, director of sustainability at Desso. "Now, we are implementing the C2C recycling in six countries," he tells youris.com. This was made possible by the creation of the Euro C2C Carpet Chain project, an EU-funded research project coordinated by Daelmans and which ended in June 2013.

The company set a target to recycle 4% of the total discarded carpets per year in Europe. This target proved difficult to reach. "We are still lagging behind, we found that industry is not prepared to pay more for the recycling, but favour incineration at a lower price," says Daelmans. Besides, the recycling of their own carpets did not prove difficult. But this was not the case with the recycling of carpets from other companies. "This is where we got into trouble, and we have to improve the ," says Daelmans.

Currently the recycling is done in Affinity, the only pilot C2C plant in Europe for recycling carpets. Daelmans says that his company had plans for building a similar C2C recycling plant in the UK, but with the current economic climate, this proved not feasible.

However, a move from taxing the labour required for the recycling towards taxing the raw materials might encourage industry to increase recycling, says Daelmans. What is more, a different economic model, where one agrees to take back the material after use, might ease things. Daelmans reports that they have concluded such contracts with hotel chains. EPEA was instrumental in developing this concept. "It is just like leasing a car, you don't sell the product to a customer, you only sell the service," says Schönknecht.

The C2C concept is getting a stronger foothold in manufacturing, reports Ben Dezark, a certification officer at the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute in San Francisco, USA. It has certified Desso's carpets, and founded the Cradle to Cradle product certification training centre in Venlo, the Netherlands. "The impact of C2C on individual companies is not yet clear," says Dezark, who adds that the centre in Venlo has begun a study to find this out. "We are dealing with ten companies that have C2C certified products," says Dezark, adding: "And we are putting some more numbers on the impact on business and the environment—something we are very interested in." The report will be published in the fall of this year, but they already have evidence that the C2C approach works for companies. Dezark concludes: "We are seing some successes, and there are large some companies that are interested in it."

Explore further: Forever recyclable novel plastic thanks to old tyres

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Forever recyclable novel plastic thanks to old tyres

Apr 19, 2013

Tyres are well suited for recycling. They are easy to collect and do not require any costly sorting process. However, in Europe, still only about 50% of the tyres are recycled. The rest is incinerated or ...

Europe triples recycling but still lags target

Mar 19, 2013

Recycling of household waste has tripled in Europe over the past decade but some countries are dragging their feet for meeting a target set for 2020, the European Environment Agency (EAA) said in a report ...

Sorting plastic waste: A magnetic game

Jun 14, 2013

More than one third of the total plastic production in Europe—about 14 million tonnes per year—are polyolefins, also known as polyalkenes. This is a family of polymers used for the manufacture of a variety ...

Recycling Europe's three million tonnes of tyre waste

Jun 14, 2013

With up to 70 percent of used tyres ending up in landfills, there is an opportunity to find other ways of recycling this material, and in turn reduce the environmental damage. The EU-funded TyGRE project ...

Recommended for you

Four questions about missing Malaysian plane answered

14 hours ago

Travelers at Asian airports have asked questions about the March 8 disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 while en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. Here are some of them, followed by answers.

Under some LED bulbs whites aren't 'whiter than white'

Apr 18, 2014

For years, companies have been adding whiteners to laundry detergent, paints, plastics, paper and fabrics to make whites look "whiter than white," but now, with a switch away from incandescent and fluorescent lighting, different ...

Freight train industry to miss safety deadline

Apr 16, 2014

The U.S. freight railroad industry says only one-fifth of its track will be equipped with mandatory safety technology to prevent most collisions and derailments by the deadline set by Congress.

User comments : 0

More news stories

Ex-Apple chief plans mobile phone for India

Former Apple chief executive John Sculley, whose marketing skills helped bring the personal computer to desktops worldwide, says he plans to launch a mobile phone in India to exploit its still largely untapped ...

Airbnb rental site raises $450 mn

Online lodging listings website Airbnb inked a $450 million funding deal with investors led by TPG, a source close to the matter said Friday.

Health care site flagged in Heartbleed review

People with accounts on the enrollment website for President Barack Obama's signature health care law are being told to change their passwords following an administration-wide review of the government's vulnerability to the ...

A homemade solar lamp for developing countries

(Phys.org) —The solar lamp developed by the start-up LEDsafari is a more effective, safer, and less expensive form of illumination than the traditional oil lamp currently used by more than one billion people ...

NASA's space station Robonaut finally getting legs

Robonaut, the first out-of-this-world humanoid, is finally getting its space legs. For three years, Robonaut has had to manage from the waist up. This new pair of legs means the experimental robot—now stuck ...

Filipino tests negative for Middle East virus

A Filipino nurse who tested positive for the Middle East virus has been found free of infection in a subsequent examination after he returned home, Philippine health officials said Saturday.

Egypt archaeologists find ancient writer's tomb

Egypt's minister of antiquities says a team of Spanish archaeologists has discovered two tombs in the southern part of the country, one of them belonging to a writer and containing a trove of artifacts including reed pens ...