Lengthy military deployments increase divorce risk for US enlisted service members

Sep 05, 2013

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been hard on military marriages, with the risk of divorce rising directly in relation to the length of time enlisted service members have been deployed to combat zones, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

The negative effects of deployment were largest among female military members, with women facing a greater chance of than men under all the scenarios examined by researchers, according to the findings published online by the Journal of Population Economics.

While researchers found that any deployment increases the risk of divorce among military members, the were higher for those deployed to the war zones in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Among married before the 9/11 attacks, those that experienced deployment of 12 months to were 28 percent more likely to become divorced within three years of marriage as compared to who experienced similar deployment before the wars began.

The study found that the divorce risk was lower for couples married after the 9/11 terrorist attacks than for couples married before 9/11. Researchers theorize that couples who married after the 9/11 terrorist attacks were better prepared for the challenges posed by being married in the military than those who married before the began. This is consistent with the that only the couples willing to accept the risks associated with military life went ahead to marry in the post 9/11 era.

More than 2.1 million U.S. troops have been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan since combat began in October of 2001. Some earlier studies had found that deployments had little or no effect on divorce rates or even helped to decrease the risk of divorce.

The data for the new study covers a wider time frame, follows couples for a longer period after marriage, and differentiates between divorce risk before and after the 9/11 attacks. The study uses individual-level information from 462,444 enlisted service members who married while serving in the military from March 1999 to June 2008.

Researchers found that cumulative months of deployment matter. More cumulative months of deployment increased the risk of divorce among military couples, regardless of when the couple married or when the deployment occurred. The risk of divorce was higher for hostile deployments than for non-hostile deployments, and women were always more likely to divorce than male service members as a result of time in deployment.

Researchers say cumulative deployment may be more disruptive and harder to adjust to in couples where a service member is female, although the study did not specifically address reasons for the higher numbers.

Ninety-seven percent of the divorces occurred after a return from deployment. The risk of divorce was lower among military families that had children.

Explore further: Cultivating timeflow: Can consumers shape how they experience time?

Related Stories

Military marriages stay strong despite challenges: study

May 10, 2012

Los Angeles, CA (May 10, 2012) Despite the fact that military service means working long hours with unpredictable schedules, frequent relocations, and separations from loved ones due to deployment, a new study published in ...

Study: One in four divorces 'inefficient'

Sep 13, 2012

(Phys.org)—Many people divorce with hope of finding greater happiness than they did in a "bad" marriage. But a new national study by an Iowa State University economics professor found that in approximately one in four divorces, ...

Divorce hurts health more at earlier ages

Jan 30, 2012

Divorce at a younger age hurts people's health more than divorce later in life, according to a new study by a Michigan State University sociologist.

Recommended for you

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.