Feast to famine: Oxygen starvation regulates fat cells in obesity

Sep 25, 2013
Feast to famine: Oxygen starvation regulates fat cells in obesity
3T3-L1 cells cultured under normoxia and hypoxia, followed by fractionation of both nucleus and cytoplasm: TIS7, Lamin B1 and β-tubulin expression determined by immunoblotting.

Studies of the effects of oxygen deprivation in the body fat of obese animals have revealed links with the regulation of fat cell generation. Researchers at Kanazawa University have identified the role of the protein TIS7 in processes that regulate adipogenesis, whereby non-specialised cells become adipose or fat cells. They add, "TIS7 could be a target for the discovery and development of a drug useful for the treatment and therapy of obesity or a variety of obesity-related metabolic diseases including type-2 diabetes and atherosclerosis."

Adipose tissue is essential for whole body homeostasis, storing excess energy and potentially a number of other physiological processes. Deregulation of these functions is found in obesity, prompting further study of the mechanisms behind white adipose tissue development.

Adipose tissue is poorly oxygenated in obese humans and animals. Poor oxygenation or 'hypoxia' has been linked to a number of diseases including heart and lung disorders, anemia, and . There have also been reports indicating that the protein TIS7 is expressed in tissues following injuries, such as ischemia, stroke or muscle trauma. Yukio Yoneda and colleagues at the University of Kanazawa monitored TIS7 expression in vitro and found that it was drastically increased by hypoxic stress.

The researchers then compared mice fed different diets and found significant up-regulation of TIS7 in the of mice fed a high fat diet. Following further studies of various aspects of adipogenesis and the role of hypoxia and TIS7, the researchers conclude, "It thus appears that TIS7 is a novel pivotal transcriptional regulator of hypoxia-induced repression of adipogenesis." They add that further studies are needed to understand the exact mechanism underlying the up-regulation of TIS7 under hypoxia in cells prior to adipogenesis.

Explore further: Drugs used to treat heart failure and high blood pressure may help decrease obesity

More information: Nakamura, Y. et al. Repression of adipogenesis through promotion of Wnt/?-catenin signaling by TIS7 up-regulated in adipocytes under hypoxia, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1832 (2013) 1117–1128.

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Control of blood vessels a possible weapon against obesity

Jan 07, 2009

Mice exposed to low temperatures develop more blood vessels in their adipose tissue and metabolise body fat more quickly, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. Scientists now hope to learn how to control blood ...

Drug boosts fat tissue's calorie-burning ability in lab

Jun 17, 2013

A drug that mimics the activity of thyroid hormone significantly increases the amount of energy burned by fat tissue and promotes weight loss, an animal study of metabolism finds. The results were presented Sunday at The ...

Recommended for you

Researchers show fruit flies have latent bioluminescence

Apr 10, 2014

New research from Stephen C. Miller, PhD, associate professor of biochemistry and molecular pharmacology, shows that fruit flies are secretly harboring the biochemistry needed to glow in the dark—otherwise ...

User comments : 0

More news stories

Chemists achieve molecular first

(Phys.org) —Chemists from Trinity College Dublin have achieved a long-pursued molecular first by interlocking three molecules through a single point. Developing interlocked molecules is one of the greatest ...

Metals go from strength to strength

To the human hand, metal feels hard, but at the nanoscale it is surprisingly malleable. Push a lump of metal with brute force through a right-angle mould or die, and while it might look much the same to the ...

ESO image: A study in scarlet

This new image from ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile reveals a cloud of hydrogen called Gum 41. In the middle of this little-known nebula, brilliant hot young stars are giving off energetic radiation that ...

First direct observations of excitons in motion achieved

A quasiparticle called an exciton—responsible for the transfer of energy within devices such as solar cells, LEDs, and semiconductor circuits—has been understood theoretically for decades. But exciton movement within ...

Warm US West, cold East: A 4,000-year pattern

Last winter's curvy jet stream pattern brought mild temperatures to western North America and harsh cold to the East. A University of Utah-led study shows that pattern became more pronounced 4,000 years ago, ...

Patent talk: Google sharpens contact lens vision

(Phys.org) —A report from Patent Bolt brings us one step closer to what Google may have in mind in developing smart contact lenses. According to the discussion Google is interested in the concept of contact ...