Next generation of unmanned aircraft to boost geoscientific research

Aug 02, 2013

The University of Southampton is developing new unmanned aircraft for science applications and geoscientific research.

The major challenge faced by working in remote or hostile environments, such as high altitudes, regions close to mountains or the sea surface and Polar Regions, is the difficulty of obtaining detailed in situ data from these regions using conventional observing platforms.

This autumn, the University will be launching MAVIS (Massive Atmospheric Volume Instrumentation System), a new project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, in partnership with the Scottish Marine Institute, and with the support of the British Antarctic Survey, the MetOffice and the National Centre for Atmospheric Science.

MAVIS offers the possibility of a flexible that could open up new possibilities to atmospheric scientists, including more high quality and widespread measurements for accurate weather forecasting and monitoring of pollution and .

At the centre of MAVIS lies an innovative concept for an atmospheric sensing system: a fleet of small, very light, highly bespoke instrumented gliders are released en masse from a high altitude meteorological balloon over the environment to be observed. During their autopilot-guided descent along paths optimised for sampling efficiency, they collect a wide range of readings, which can subsequently be converted into an accurate map of the quantity (such as pollutant concentration) being observed.

Dr András Sóbester says: "The University is home to a wide range of activities in the field of Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) research. From the effective exploitation of state-of-the-art design and manufacturing technologies (including flying the world's first 3d printed aircraft) to research and from applying multi-disciplinary design optimisation techniques to stratospheric balloon systems, the University has been, for several years, exploring innovative UAS technologies."

The MAVIS project forms part of the University's ASTRA (Atmospheric Science Through Robotic Aircraft) initiative, which has pioneered a number of rapid prototyping and low cost technologies in the design of UAS for geoscientific research.

Explore further: Soil nutrients may limit ability of plants to slow climate change

Related Stories

Smoke from Canada Observed in Europe

Jul 12, 2013

This summer, Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires. This week alone, 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616,000 hectares. The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have ...

NASA explores underground substructures below fault

Sep 26, 2012

(Phys.org)—The Surprise Valley Fault, a stretch of land that snakes along the Warner Mountain Range in northeastern California, is pocked with small surface scars and billows steam from hot springs, which ...

Recommended for you

Frontier science in ocean-going lab

1 hour ago

Oceanographer Dr Martina Doblin is preparing for one of the most significant explorations of her career. In early June, a mobile laboratory known as the Micro-CSI will leave from Brisbane aboard Australia's ...

Extending climate predictability beyond El Nino

4 hours ago

Tropical Pacific climate variations and their global weather impacts may be predicted much further in advance than previously thought, according to research by an international team of climate scientists ...

Ocean currents impact methane consumption

21 hours ago

Large amounts of methane - whether as free gas or as solid gas hydrates - can be found in the sea floor along the ocean shores. When the hydrates dissolve or when the gas finds pathways in the sea floor to ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.