Telescopic contact lens could improve eyesight for the visually impaired

Jul 12, 2013
Engineers led by Joe Ford, a professor at the Jacobs School of Engineering at UC San Diego, have developed a telescopic contact lens. Credit: University of California - San Diego

(Phys.org) —A team of engineers has designed a telescopic contact lens that can switch between normal and magnified vision by using slightly modified off-the-shelf 3D television glasses. The researchers, led by Joseph Ford, a professor of electrical engineering at the University of California, San Diego, built a prototype of the lens and tested it on a mechanical eye. Researchers report their findings in the June 27 online issue of Optics Express, an open-access journal of the Optical Society.

The new lens could ultimately be used to improve vision for patients suffering from , including age-related , or AMD, a condition that causes loss of vision in the center of the visual field. Patients typically cannot read or recognize faces.

Ongoing research on the lenses is funded through a larger research program. Last summer, UC San Diego researchers worked with partners at Innovega and Paragon Vision Sciences to conduct human clinical trials on a preliminary version of the wearable lens. A second round of clinical trials will occur later this year.

Said Ford, the principal investigator on the project, "While there is a great deal of work still ahead, we see a clear path to a comfortable low-vision aid powered by a , which will help a significant number people who have impaired vision."

The contact lens developed by Ford's team is one millimeter thick. Researchers used aluminum mirrors, fit tightly together, to create a ring-shaped telescope embedded in the contact lens. The center of the lens allows for normal, non-magnified vision. Its periphery, where the telescope is located, magnifies images 2.8 times.

The telescopic contact lens, once fine-tuned, will be less invasive than the miniature telescopes that can currently be implanted into patients' eyes. In addition, the lens the researchers developed does a better job at collecting light. The lens is also less bulky than telescopes mounted on glasses that are currently available to help patients with impaired vision. The contact lens' optics make it possible to switch between normal and magnified vision by combining the with glasses such as the "active shutter" glasses worn to watch some 3D televisions.

Switching between normal and magnified vision

Without the glasses, the contact lenses superimpose both normal and magnified images. With the glasses on, a liquid crystal shutter will switch open a window for normal or telescopic vision? Researchers are working on a hands-free switch that uses a low-power infrared LED to monitor when the user blinks with both eyes or winks with one eye to activate one of the two functions.

The lenses of the 3D glasses contain liquid crystals, which switch the two sections of the telescopic contact lens on and off. The crystals change the way light is refracted onto polarized films embedded in the contact lens, so that only light with a certain orientation, or polarization, passes through the glasses to the contact lens, hitting either the telescopic portion of the lens, or the area designed for normal vision.

Researchers are continuing to develop the contact lens.

Testing the lens

The researchers tested the lens on a life-size mechanical model of the eye that they built. The model was connected to a complex imaging system that allowed engineers to see on a computer screen what their mechanical eye saw. They also ran complex computer models to simulate the lens' performance.

Tests performed with the mechanical eye showed that the lens' magnified image provides a much larger field of vision than other magnification approaches currently in use. The quality of the images was also good.

Next steps

Researchers built the lens with a material commonly used in early rigid contact lenses, called polymethyl methacrylate, or PMMA, which is impermeable to gasses. As a result, contact lenses made of PMMA can only be worn for short periods of time, because they do not deliver much needed oxygen to the cornea.

The researchers chose PMMA for its robustness and because they had to carve tiny grooves that bend light onto the lens to correct for aberrant color. That aberration was caused by the lens' shape, which was designed to fit the human eye. The grooves also meant that the contact lenses would have to be fitted with a soft "skirt" in order to be wearable—a process used with rigid contact lenses today.

Engineers are now working on a new telescopic contact lens design that uses a material permeable to gasses, which could be worn by users for longer periods of time. They also are working to correct aberrant color without carving grooves into the lens.

The finished contact lenses will have polarizers integrated into the center or edge of the contact lens surface. In early lab tests the polarizers were attached externally, and a pair of 3D TV glasses was modified to do the switching.

"In the future, it will hopefully be possible to go after the core of the problem with effective treatments or retinal prosthetics," said Eric Tremblay, co-author on the paper and alumnus of Ford's research group, now at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland. "The ideal is really for magnifiers to become unnecessary. Until we get there, however, contact lenses may provide a way to make AMD a little less debilitating."

Explore further: Fully automated: Thousands of blood samples every hour

More information: Paper: A Switchable telescopic contact lens, in Optics Express: www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abst… m?uri=oe-21-13-15980

Related Stories

Scleral lenses benefit patients with corneal irregularities

Oct 09, 2012

(Medical Xpress)—A UC Davis Health System Eye Center study found that scleral lenses, which rest beyond the limits of the cornea and cover the white part of the eye (sclera), were a good alternative for patients with corneal ...

A glimpse at the future? A smartphone in your glasses

Oct 01, 2012

(Phys.org)—No need to turn to your smartphone to check the time, look at your agenda or the weather forecast, read a text message or map a route in an unfamiliar city. All this information, and much more, will soon be displayed ...

Recommended for you

Fully automated: Thousands of blood samples every hour

6 hours ago

Siemens is supplying automation technology for the longest and one of the most cutting-edge sample processing lines in any clinical laboratory. The line, or automation track, 200 meters long, in Marlborough, ...

Explainer: What is 4-D printing?

7 hours ago

Additive manufacturing – or 3D printing – is 30 years old this year. Today, it's found not just in industry but in households, as the price of 3D printers has fallen below US$1,000. Knowing you can p ...

First series production vehicle with software control

7 hours ago

Siemens has unveiled the first electric series production vehicle with the central electronics and software architecture RACE. This technology, developed in the research project of the same name, replaces ...

Amputee puts limb system through its paces

9 hours ago

"Amputee Makes History with APL's Modular Prosthetic Limb" is the headline from Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, where a team working on prosthetics observed a milestone when a double amputee showed ...

User comments : 4

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Bob_Kob
1 / 5 (7) Jul 12, 2013
Yeah great if it works, but makes you look like a zombie
daggoth
5 / 5 (1) Jul 12, 2013
Yeah great if it works, but makes you look like a zombie


And that's bad?
powerup1
not rated yet Jul 13, 2013
Yeah great if it works, but makes you look like a zombie


You do understand that these are research prototypes and not finished products.
Sinister1811
1 / 5 (3) Jul 14, 2013
I think it looks kind of cool. It looks cyborg-ish.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.