Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Jul 03, 2013
An electronic component where a graphene layer has been placed on the hotspots.

A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent – which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics. An international group of researchers, headed by Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, are the first in the world to show that graphene has a heat dissipating effect on silicon based electronics.

"This discovery opens the door to increased functionality and continues to push the when it comes to miniaturising electronics," said Chalmers Professor Johan Liu who heads the international research project.

Modern electronic systems generate a great deal of heat, above all due to the constantly increasing demand for more and more functionality. It is important to be able to remove the heat generated in an efficient way to maintain the long life of the system. One rule of thumb is that a 10-degree Celsius increase in working temperature halves the working life of an .

During the study, the researchers focused on reducing the temperature in the small area where the electronics work most intensively – such as inside a processor, for instance. These tiny hotspots are found in all electronics. Size wise, they are on a micro or , in other words a thousandth of a millimetre or smaller.

"The normal working temperature in the hotspots we have cooled with a graphene layer has ranged from 55 to 115 degrees Celsius. We have been able to reduce this by up to 13 degrees, which not only improves , it also extends the working life of the electronics."

Efficient cooling is a major challenge in many different applications, such as automotive electronics, , computers, radio base stations and in various light emitting diodes, or LED lights. In automotive electronics systems, any single device in the ignition system can pump out up to 80 W continuously and in transient stage up to 300 W (within 10 nanoseconds). LED devices can have a thermal intensity almost on a par with the sun, up to 600 W/cm2 due to their extremely small size.

Superior cooling of electronics can deliver tremendous advantages. According to a study in the USA based on data from 2006, around 50 percent of the total electricity used to run data servers goes on cooling the systems.

Explore further: Scanning tunnelling microscopy: Computer simulations sharpen insights into molecules

More information: Gao, Z. et al. Thermal chemical vapor deposition grown graphene heat spreader for thermal management of hot spots, Carbon, Volume 61, September 2013, Pages 342–348. www.sciencedirect.com/science/… ii/S0008622313004272

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User comments : 4

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El_Nose
3 / 5 (2) Jul 03, 2013
So our new graphene transistors will sit on graphene wafers and use graphene to cool themselves... talk about self serving
dankgus
not rated yet Jul 03, 2013
Is there anything graphene can't do?
NikFromNYC
1 / 5 (4) Jul 03, 2013
Is it better than Home Depot spray paint, dear pay wall?
antialias_physorg
3 / 5 (2) Jul 04, 2013
Is there anything graphene can't do?

Clean the coffee pot.
But I'm sure they're working on that, too.
When buckyballs started out they were touted as a miracle material. But graphene (and 2D lattice material in general) seems to be the real deal.

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