Study of Toronto G20 summit examines civil rights, role of social media

Jun 10, 2013 by Dana Yates
Study of Toronto G20 summit examines civil rights, role of social media
A crowd of spectators using their mobile phones to capture footage of a burning police car on Queen St. W. in Toronto during the 2010 G20. RTA professor Greg Elmer is analyzing the events of the G20 in a feature-length documentary composed of cell phone videos, camera footage, personal testimonials and interviews shot and uploaded by citizen journalists, activists and artists.

When Toronto hosted the G20 leaders' summit in June 2010, the event – and the protests surrounding it – left behind unforgettable images and memories. Police cars were set ablaze, officers in riot gear filled the streets, property was damaged and the largest mass arrest in Canadian history occurred. According to one Ryerson researcher, though, while the incidents of the G20 were shocking, they also weren't unexpected.

"Given the protocols that have been adopted by the police when it comes to events like the G20 and the Olympics, people really shouldn't have been surprised by what happened in Toronto," says Greg Elmer, a Bell Globemedia Research Chair and director of Ryerson's Infoscape Centre for the Study of .

As proof, Elmer points to the increased use of heavy militarized police units during and the efforts of law enforcement agencies to encircle or "kettle" protesters. The latter tactic leaves demonstrators with no exit, and according to critics, can incite once-peaceful protesters to retaliate.

Elmer, in fact, is exploring a number of issues related to political protests. Last fall, for example, saw the release of his latest book Infrastructure Critical: Sacrifice at Toronto's G8/20 Summit. Co-authored by former Infoscape Alessandra Renzi, Infrastructure Critical argues that the Canadian government portrayed Toronto's financial district as being at risk from domestic threats as a way to justify the policing of peaceful protesters and members of the so-called "black bloc" during the G20.

Elmer is also analyzing the events of the G20 in a new, feature-length documentary film. Co-produced by Andy Opel of Florida State University, Preempting Dissent: Policing the Crisis is an extension of the researchers' 2008 scholarly book of the same name, and is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

In their film, Elmer and Opel look at the impact of policing strategies on civil rights, as well as freedom of speech and assembly. The film argues that restricting protesters to certain zones, constructing security fences and Ontario's controversial passing of a "World War II-era law" designed to protect public infrastructure were all used by to stifle dissent during the G20 summit.

The researchers are also studying the role of social media in protest movements. To that end, Preempting Dissent is composed of cell phone videos, camera footage, personal testimonials and interviews that were shot and uploaded by dozens of citizen journalists, activists and artists. Clips from the film are stored in an open-source database and will be made available for other people to incorporate into their own documentaries.

"There's wide recognition that social media is good for interactivity and participation in debates, but we wanted to question the idea of 'sharing,'" says Elmer. "What content is actually being shared? What is being held back? Also, when are people sharing the content and where are they posting it?"

Elmer and Opel aim to complete Preempting Dissent by the summer. Around the same time, Elmer will also begin a one-year fellowship at the Department of Media and Communication at Goldsmiths College, University of London. The appointment, he says, will enable additional screenings of Preempting Dissent.

Explore further: Protesters rally in Singapore against new online rules

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Chicago asked not to stifle wireless at summits

Feb 15, 2012

(AP) -- Protesters are coming by the thousands to Chicago, armed with smartphones, video cameras and social media links that will allow them to instantly map strategy, share plans and disseminate images of ...

UK police aim to adapt to Twitter-led protests

Feb 09, 2011

(AP) -- Authorities will have to move faster to help contain the increasing number of protests being organized and run through social media sites, Britain's police inspection body said Wednesday.

Recommended for you

Creative activities outside work can improve job performance

11 hours ago

Employees who pursue creative activities outside of work may find that these activities boost their performance on the job, according to a new study by San Francisco State University organizational psychologist Kevin Eschleman ...

User comments : 0

More news stories

Roman dig 'transforms understanding' of ancient port

( —Researchers from the universities of Cambridge and Southampton have discovered a new section of the boundary wall of the ancient Roman port of Ostia, proving the city was much larger than previously ...

Which foods may cost you more due to Calif. drought

With California experiencing one of its worst droughts on record, grocery shoppers across the country can expect to see a short supply of certain fruits and vegetables in stores, and to pay higher prices ...

Robotics goes micro-scale

( —The development of light-driven 'micro-robots' that can autonomously investigate and manipulate the nano-scale environment in a microscope comes a step closer, thanks to new research from the ...

Biologists help solve fungi mysteries

( —A new genetic analysis revealing the previously unknown biodiversity and distribution of thousands of fungi in North America might also reveal a previously underappreciated contributor to climate ...