Power of US tornado dwarfs Hiroshima bomb

May 21, 2013 by Seth Borenstein
An aerial view of a street lined by homes destroyed by Monday's tornado is shown Tuesday, May 21, 2013, in Moore, Okla. At least 24 people, including nine children, were killed in the massive tornado that flattened homes and a school in Moore, on Monday afternoon. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)

Wind, humidity and rainfall combined precisely to create Monday's massive killer tornado in Oklahoma. The awesome amount of energy released dwarfed the power of the atomic bomb that leveled Hiroshima.

On Tuesday afternoon, the gave the tornado the top-of-the-scale rating of EF-5 for wind speed and breadth and severity of damage. Wind speeds were estimated at between 200 mph (320 kph) and 210 mph (337 kph).

Several meteorologists contacted by The Associated Press used real-time measurements to calculate the energy released during the storm's life span of almost an hour. Their estimates ranged from 8 times to more than 600 times the power of the Hiroshima bomb, with more experts at the high end.

The tornado at some points was 1.3 miles (2 kilometers) wide, and its path went on for 17 miles (27 kilometers) and 40 minutes. That's long for a regular tornado but not too unusual for such a violent one, said research meteorologist Harold Brooks at the National Severe Storms Laboratory.

Less than 1 percent of all U .S. are this violent—only about 10 a year, he said.

With the third strong storm hitting the suburb of Moore in 14 years, some people are wondering why. It's a combination of geography, meteorology and lots of bad luck, experts said.

A local resident allowed by security officers into an otherwise sealed off neighborhood walks past the rubble of destroyed homes, one day after a tornado moved through Moore, Okla., Tuesday, May 21, 2013. The huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds up to 200 mph. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

If you look at the of tornadoes in May, you will see they cluster in a spot—maybe 100 miles (160 kilometers) wide—in central Oklahoma "and there's good reason for it," said Adam Houston, meteorology professor at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. That's the spot where the of warm, moist air and strong needed for tornadoes combine in just the right balance.

This aerial photo shows the remains of houses in Moore, Okla., following a tornado Monday, May 20, 2013. A tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburbs Monday, flattening entire neighborhoods, setting buildings on fire and landing a direct blow on an elementary school. (AP Photo/Steve Gooch)

Several meteorologists also offered this explanation for why the suburb seemed to be hit repeatedly by violent tornadoes: "bad luck."

Scientists know the key ingredients that go into a devastating tornado. But they are struggling to figure out why they develop in some big storms and not others.

They also are still trying to determine what effects, if any, global warming has on tornadoes.

Explore further: Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

More information: The National Weather Center; www.nwc.ou.edu/
Seth Borenstein can be followed at twitter.com/borenbears

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Jeddy_Mctedder
1 / 5 (3) May 21, 2013
Every tragedy is global warming induced. Every death blood on the hands on global warming deniers
gmurphy
not rated yet May 22, 2013
@Jeddy, the only mention of global warming in this article was that it's effect on tornadoes has yet to be understood. Of course you saw a climate science article and just reflexively started spouting your bullshit. Troll.
bottomlesssoul
5 / 5 (1) May 22, 2013
The author mistakes power for energy. The total energy released by a small rain shower can equal a Hiroshima style bomb. But the power in a nuke is (literally) from releasing that energy over a few nanoseconds versus 30 minutes.

The same energy but how quickly it gets released changes it's impact.

One could also consider cross section of release. Getting hit by a fastball is about the same energy as getting shot by a bullet. If you ever have to make the choice, always choose the fastball.