Google's latest quarterly results provided further proof that the Internet search leader is figuring out how to make more money as Web surfers migrate from personal computers to mobile devices.
The first-quarter numbers released Thursday show that a recent decline in Google's average ad prices is easing. The trend indicates that marketers are starting to pay more for the ads that Google distributes to smartphones and tablet computers. Mobile ads so far have fetched less money than those viewed on the larger screens of laptop and desktop computers.
But a growing number of people are clicking on mobile ads as they increasingly connect to Internet services on smartphones and tablets, driving down average price paid for a marketing link. Google's average price, or the "cost per click" to advertisers, has fallen from the previous year in six consecutive quarters, including the opening three months of the year.
The latest decrease in average ad prices was 4 percent. By comparison, Google's average ad price fell by 6 percent during the final three months of last year and by 12 percent during last year's first quarter.
Google's stock edged up $4.09, or 0.5 percent, to $770 in extended trading after the numbers came out.
Google is a good way to monitor the health of digital commerce because it runs the Internet's largest advertising network and is now a major player in the mobile computing market. It's also one of the world's most powerful companies, so what happens to it can affect millions of people and businesses.
Google Inc. earned $3.3 billion, or $9.94 per share, during the opening three months of the year. That was a 16 percent increase from $2.9 billion, or $8.75 per share, last year.
If not for certain expenses, Google said it would have earned $11.58 per share. That figure exceeded the average earnings estimate of $10.65 per share among analysts surveyed by FactSet.
Revenue climbed 31 percent from last year to $14 billion.
After subtracting advertising commissions, Google's revenue totaled $11 billion—about $335 million below analyst estimates.
Google has been growing at an impressive clip for a company of its size. Its ability to keep growing has given the company a market value of more than $250 billion, second only to Apple Inc. among technology companies.
Yet it faces competition with Facebook Inc. for ad dollars and attention. For a time, Facebook's popularity had people worried that it would eventually become a more important advertising vehicle than Google's search engine.
Google has countered that by establishing its own social network, Google Plus.
It also makes the most widely used smartphone operating system, Android. That gives the company channels for sending ads to mobile phone users, through built-in Google apps such as YouTube, maps and search. It is Facebook that has responded to Google's strengths in mobile advertising: Facebook took advantage of Android's openness and release a new app this month to make its social network front and center on phones.
Google dominates the mobile search market with 93 percent of U.S. mobile search advertising dollars, according to eMarketer. Facebook is at No. 2, ahead of online music service Pandora Inc. and Twitter. EMarketer expects U.S. mobile ad spending to grow 77 percent this year to $7.29 billion, from $4.11 billion last year.
Explore further: US Internet ad revenue grows 15 percent in 2012